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Updated: 2 hours 47 min ago

Attorney general weighs racial equity as he considers death penalty in Buffalo massacre

3 hours 15 min ago

Pleazant Davis, 22, and Tasha Dixon, 35, at a memorial honoring the victims of the Buffalo grocery shooting across the street from the store on May 15. (Photo for The Washington Post by Libby March)

The Biden administration’s pledge to pursue racial equity in the criminal justice system is facing a crucial test: whether federal prosecutors will seek the death penalty for the self-avowed white supremacist charged with slaughtering 10 Black people in a Buffalo grocery store in May.

Some survivors and family members of those killed told Attorney General Merrick Garland during a private meeting in June that they are supportive of bringing a capital case against the 18-year-old suspect, Payton Gendron, according to people involved in the discussion. Their stance conflicts with the long-standing position of civil rights advocates, who have generally opposed the death penalty out of concerns it is unjust and disproportionately used against racial minorities.

“There’s a mixed feeling about it. Some say, ‘Yeah, that should be in play,’” said Kristen Elmore-Garcia, a Buffalo-based lawyer who represents one of the families.

But Garland, under pressure from civil rights groups, issued a moratorium last summer on federal executions, after the administration of President Donald Trump carried out 13 in the final six months of his presidency. As heinous as the Buffalo killings were, Black civil rights leaders say, seeking to execute the gunman would represent a setback in their efforts to abolish capital punishment.

“The reality for us is that the system is too often infused with racial bias. That doesn’t change because someone who is White, and who perpetrated violence against Black people, is put to death,” said Maya Wiley, president of the Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights.

President Joe Biden opposed the death penalty during his 2020 campaign, but he has not pushed forcefully for a blanket federal ban on executions since taking office. His administration is under pressure to do more to confront rising white supremacy, a spike in hate crimes and a wave of gun violence.

While Garland’s moratorium does not ban prosecutors from seeking the death penalty, the Justice Department has not filed a notice to seek capital punishment under his leadership, officials said.

Experts said Garland’s decision in Buffalo could send a strong signal to state legislatures. Twenty-three states have abolished the death penalty, while three - Oregon, Pennsylvania and California - have a moratorium against it, according to the nonprofit Death Penalty Information Center. Robert Dunham, executive director of that center, said data suggests the death penalty is not a deterrent to homicides or mass shootings, given higher murder rates in many states that allow executions.

“The White House has expressed a preference to do away with the federal death penalty, but it hasn’t set a policy,” Dunham said. “In the absence of a policy, [Garland] has to decide, and there are countervailing interests.”

Federal prosecutors have charged Gendron with 26 hate crime counts. But it is an additional gun-related charge that carries the potential penalty of death. He also faces state-level first-degree murder and hate crimes charges in New York, which does not allow state-sponsored executions.

In a statement, White House spokesman Abdullah Hasan said Biden supports Garland’s moratorium and has been clear about his concerns over whether the death penalty is “consistent with the values fundamental to our sense of justice and fairness.” But Biden also believes the Buffalo shooter must be held accountable for “the racially-motivated act of domestic terrorism.”

At Gendron’s initial court appearance, U.S. Magistrate Judge H. Kenneth Schroeder assigned him a federal public defender and highlighted the higher taxpayer costs associated with capital cases, which require more legal expertise. He urged the Justice Department to make a relatively quick decision on whether to pursue the death penalty. U.S. officials say the decision process could take a year or more.

During a June trip to Buffalo, Garland said prosecutors will follow long-standing protocols to make their recommendation, which requires his approval, and that they will seek input from the survivors and victims’ families. “We view confronting hate crimes as both a legal and moral obligation,” Garland said.

Making matters more complex, some of the attorneys representing the families are advocates who vocally oppose the death penalty, including Ben Crump, a prominent civil rights attorney, and Terrence M. Connors, a Buffalo trial lawyer. So do some of Garland’s top deputies, including Associate Attorney General Vanita Gupta, who joined him in Buffalo.

In 2020, Gupta, then serving as the head of the Leadership Conference, tweeted, “Abolish the death penalty,” in reference to the case of Brandon Bernard, a Black man executed that year for his role in the 1999 abduction and murder of two White youth ministers in Fort Hood, Texas.

“That was not my mother or father or son or daughter who was killed, so I would have to respect their wishes,” Crump said of the Buffalo victims’ families. “But I will be honest with them in terms of my opposition to the death penalty.”

Given Garland’s moratorium on executions, Crump said, federal prosecutors “would have to explain their position as to why they are changing their stance” if they seek death for the alleged Buffalo gunman.

In 2020, after the Trump administration ended a 17-year hiatus for federal executions, the Death Penalty Information Center reported that racial minorities have been overrepresented on death row and that the killers of White people were more likely than the killers of Black people to face the death penalty.

In his memo last summer, Garland ordered a review of Trump administration changes to policies and procedures on lethal injection. That review is ongoing.

Garland gained national acclaim in the 1990s for helping lead the Justice Department’s successful capital conviction of Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh, who was put to death in 2001. During his confirmation hearing last year, Garland said he stands by the outcome of that case but has since developed reservations over the death penalty.

At the hearing, Sen. Tom Cotton, R-Ark., cited the case of Dylann Roof - a White man sentenced to death for fatally shooting nine Black parishioners at a church in Charleston, S.C., in 2015 - and asked whether Garland would pursue capital punishment in a similar case. Garland responded that it would depend on the Biden administration’s policy.

The Justice Department has continued to back Roof’s death sentence, which was upheld by a federal appellate court last summer. The department also is seeking the death penalty for Robert Bowers, a White man accused of killing 11 people and wounding six in an antisemitic attack at the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh in 2018.

Last year, members of the Dor Hadash congregation - which shares building space with Tree of Life - urged Garland to pursue a plea deal with Bowers, whose defense team has said he would accept life in prison if the capital case was dropped. Jon Pushinsky, who drafted the letter, said the congregation is hoping to spare victims’ families additional trauma from the long, drawn-out process of a capital trial. But the Justice Department has not indicated any plans to change course, he said.

In opposing the death penalty, some opponents cite cases in which convicts on death row are exonerated in light of new evidence. But legal experts said the Buffalo case appears to lack ambiguity: The suspected gunman allegedly wrote a 180-page screed denouncing Black people, shared plans for the attack on social media and live-streamed some of the shooting.

“Congress passed the law allowing the federal death penalty for the most heinous of crimes. If the Buffalo massacre doesn’t qualify, then it’s hard to see what would,” Cotton said in a statement. “Merrick Garland and President Biden ought to put aside their personal feelings, enforce the law, and focus on securing justice for the victims of this horrific crime.”

The Rev. Al Sharpton, a death penalty opponent who delivered eulogies for two Buffalo victims, said he has not discussed the issue with the families. But Sharpton, president of the National Action Network, emphasized that his group’s opposition to capital punishment won’t change in Gendron’s case.

“This is a moral and civil rights issue,” Sharpton said. “You can’t have case-by-case morality. You can’t have transactional morality. You have to have transformative morality.”

Garland has not been completely clear about his intent in pausing executions, said Nathan S. Williams, a former assistant U.S. attorney who helped prosecute Roof. Though Garland cited technical issues concerning lethal injection in his memo announcing the moratorium, he also referenced fundamental unease about the death penalty’s “disparate impact on people of color.”

Garland’s moratorium “does not resolve what was posited in that memo: ‘Is the death penalty fundamentally unfair in its application?’ If you believe that, you would not pursue it” in Gendron’s case, Williams said.

Attorney John Elmore is helping to represent the family of one of the Buffalo victims, assisting his daughter and fellow lawyer, Kristen Elmore-Garcia. He also has experience defending an accused murderer in a capital case.

In 1998, during a 10-year window in which New York reinstated the possibility of capital punishment, Elmore fought against a death sentence for Jonathan Parker, a Black man who was accused of shooting two police officers, one fatally. A jury sentenced Parker to life in prison.

But Elmore, who is Black, said he believes the death penalty remains appropriate in some instances, pointing to the crimes of McVeigh and Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, who was sentenced to death for his role in the Boston Marathon bombing in 2013 despite opposition from the families of some victims.

Garland “showed a lot of empathy” during his meeting with Buffalo families, Elmore said. “It appeared to us that he could feel the victims’ pain, and that it’s going to be a tough decision for him.”

The victims’ families are grieving, Elmore added, and have not thoroughly discussed the question of the death penalty. “But this is a case where this guy, Gendron, showed no remorse, and he had a long effort in planning and scoping out multiple sites,” he said. “White supremacy is a significant danger to our country. So deciding what they’re going to do will not be a quick decision.”

Rooftop gunman kills six, wounds dozens at July Fourth parade in Illinois

3 hours 56 min ago

Members of the FBI's evidence response team organize one day after a mass shooting in downtown Highland Park, Ill. Tuesday, July 5, 2022. A shooter fired on an Independence Day parade from a rooftop spraying the crowd with gunshots initially mistaken for fireworks before hundreds of panicked revelers of all ages fled in terror. (AP Photo/Charles Rex Arbogast) (Charles Rex Arbogast/)

HIGHLAND PARK, Ill. — A shooter fired on an Independence Day parade from a rooftop in suburban Chicago, spraying the crowd with gunshots initially mistaken for fireworks before hundreds of panicked revelers of all ages fled in terror. At least six people were killed and at least 30 wounded.

An hourslong manhunt during which residents hunkered down in businesses or received police escorts to their homes ended with a traffic stop and brief chase Monday evening, when authorities detained a man they described as a person of interest. They gave no motive for the attack in Highland Park, a close-knit community on the shores of Lake Michigan that has long drawn the rich and sometimes famous.

The July 4 shooting was just the latest to shatter the rituals of American life. Schools, churches, grocery stores and now community parades have all become killing grounds in recent months. This time, the bloodshed came as the nation tried to find cause to celebrate its founding and the bonds that still hold it together.

“It definitely hits a lot harder when it’s not only your hometown but it’s also right in front of you,” resident Ron Tuazon said as he and a friend returned to the parade route Monday evening to retrieve chairs, blankets and a child’s bike that he and his family abandoned when the shooting began.

“It’s commonplace now,” Tuazon said. “We don’t blink anymore. Until laws change, it’s going to be more of the same.”

[Chaos at July Fourth events as fireworks are mistaken for gunshots]

The shooting occurred at a spot on the parade route where many residents had staked out prime viewing points early in the day for the annual celebration.

Among them was Nicolas Toledo, who was visiting his family in Illinois from Mexico. He was shot and died at the scene, his granddaughter, Xochil Toledo, told the Chicago Sun-Times. Also killed was Jacki Sundheim, a lifelong congregant and “beloved” staff member at nearby North Shore Congregation Israel, which announced her death on its website.

Dozens of fired bullets sent hundreds of parade-goers — some visibly bloodied — fleeing. They left a trail of abandoned items that showed everyday life suddenly, violently disrupted: a box of chocolate cookies spilled onto the grass; a child’s Chicago Cubs cap; baby strollers, some bearing American flags.

“There’s no safe place,” said Highland Park resident Barbara Harte, 73, who had stayed away from the parade fearing a mass shooting, but later ventured from her home.

Highland Park Police Chief Lou Jogmen said a police officer pulled over Robert E. Crimo III about 5 miles north of the shooting scene, several hours after police released the man’s photo and warned that he was likely armed and dangerous.

Authorities initially said Crimo, whose father once ran for mayor of Highland Park, was 22, but an FBI bulletin and Crimo’s social media said he was 21.

Police declined to immediately identify Crimo as a suspect but said identifying him as a person of interest, sharing his name and other information publicly was a serious step.

Lake County Major Crime Task Force spokesman Christopher Covelli said at a news conference “several of the deceased victims” died at the scene and one died at a hospital. Lake County Coroner Jennifer Banek said the five people killed at the parade were adults, but didn’t have information on the sixth.

Police have not released details about the victims, but Toledo’s granddaughter told the Sun-Times that Toledo had spent most of his life in Morelos, Mexico. Xochil Toledo said she remembers looking over at her grandfather, who was in his late 70s, as a band passed them.

“He was so happy,” she said. “Happy to be living in the moment.”

Xochil Toledo said her father tried to shield her grandfather and was shot in the arm; her boyfriend also was shot in the back and taken by someone to nearby hospital because they weren’t sure there would be enough ambulances for all the victims.

Roberto Velasco, Mexico’s director for North American affairs, said on Twitter that two Mexicans were also wounded.

Sundheim had spent decades on the staff at North Shore Congregation Israel, early on teaching at the congregation’s preschool and later serving as Events and B’nei Mitzvah Coordinator, “all of this with tireless dedication,” the congregation said in its statement announcing her death.

“Jacki’s work, kindness and warmth touched us all,” the statement said.

NorthShore University Health Center received 26 patients after the attack. All but one had gunshot wounds, said Dr. Brigham Temple, medical director of emergency preparedness. Their ages ranged from 8 to 85, and Temple estimated that four or five were children.

“It is devastating that a celebration of America was ripped apart by our uniquely American plague,” Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker said at a news conference.

“While we celebrate the Fourth of July just once a year, mass shootings have become a weekly — yes, weekly — American tradition.”

Since the start of the year, there have been 15 shootings where four or more people have been killed, including the Highland Park one, according to The Associated Press/USA TODAY/Northeastern University mass killing database.

As is common on holiday weekends, nearby Chicago grappled with scores of shootings. Eight people died from shootings in the city over the July 4 weekend, according to the police department. Sixty others were shot.

However, the city saw fewer people shot than during last year’s Independence Day weekend.

The parade shooter opened fire around 10:15 a.m., when the parade was about three-quarters through, authorities said.

Highland Park Police Commander Chris O’Neill, the incident commander on scene, said the gunman apparently used a “high-powered rifle” to fire from a spot atop a commercial building where he was “very difficult to see.” He said the rifle was recovered at the scene. Police also found a ladder attached to the building.

Teams of FBI agents on Tuesday peeked into trash cans, looked under picnic blankets and scoured Highland Park’s Central Avenue as they searched for evidence at the site of the shooting.

Highland Park Mayor Nancy Rotering told NBC’s “Today” show that she did not know where the gun came from but that it was “legally obtained.”

President Joe Biden on Monday said he and first lady Jill Biden were “shocked by the senseless gun violence that has yet again brought grief to an American community on this Independence Day.”

In recent days, Biden signed the widest-ranging gun violence bill passed by Congress in decades, a compromise that reflected at once both progress on a long-intractable issue and the deep-seated partisan divide that persists.

Crimo, who goes by the name Bobby, was an aspiring rapper with the stage name Awake the Rapper, posting on social media dozens videos and songs, some ominous and violent.

In one animated video since taken down by YouTube, Crimo raps about armies “walking in darkness” as a drawing appears of a man pointing a rifle, a body on the ground and another figure with hands up in the distance.

Crimo’s father, Bob, a longtime deli owner, ran unsuccessfully for mayor of Highland Park in 2019, calling himself “a person for the people.”

The community of about 30,000 on Chicago’s north shore has mansions and sprawling lakeside estates and was once home to NBA legend Michael Jordan.

Gina Troiani and her 5-year-old son were lined up with his daycare class ready to walk onto the parade route when she heard a loud sound that she believed was fireworks — until she heard people yell about a shooter.

“We just start running in the opposite direction,” she told The Associated Press. “There were people that got separated from their families, looking for them. Others just dropped their wagons, grabbed their kids and started running.”

___

Foody contributed from Chicago. Associated Press writers Martha Irvine and Mike Householder in Highland Park; Mike Balsamo and Bernard Condon in New York; David Koenig in Dallas; Jeff Martin in Woodstock, Georgia; Fabiola Sánchez in Monterrey, Mexico; and Jim Mustian in New Orleans contributed reporting.

Chaos at July Fourth events as fireworks are mistaken for gunshots

4 hours 50 min ago

Scenes of chaos unfolded at Fourth of July celebrations in several cities nationwide, as the booming sounds of fireworks were apparently mistaken for gunshots, sending scores of revelers fleeing for cover.

Crowds panicked and ran from loud noises in Orlando, Harrisburg, Pa., and Washington, suggesting a nation on edge following a recent spate of high-profile mass shootings, including one Monday morning in Highland Park, Ill., that left six people dead.

“It is devastating that a celebration of America was ripped apart by our uniquely American plague,” Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker said Monday. “While we celebrate the Fourth of July just once a year, mass shootings have become our weekly - yes weekly - American tradition.”

The bloodshed in the Chicago suburb of about 30,000 shattered the Fourth of July festivities. The aftermath of Highland Park’s parade was not candy wrappers and loose streamers, but pooled blood and abandoned strollers after residents fled the scene, taking shelter for hours as a manhunt unfolded across the area.

In other cities, Americans were on high alert in public spaces, sensitive to loud noises and quick to disperse.

At a fireworks show in downtown Orlando, people fled as loud pops echoed throughout the area, and some spectators suffered minor injuries during the commotion, police said. Some people jumped into a nearby lake, an eyewitness told a local news channel. Authorities said that there was no shooting and that the confusion had probably been caused by the sound of fireworks.

In Harrisburg, the sound of firecrackers being thrown on the ground was probably the cause of panic among hundreds of people right before the main fireworks show, police told the local ABC News affiliate. Authorities likewise said there was no shooting there. “The fact that you have to be ready for a mass shooting at any moment is proof of a country rotten to its core,” wrote a Twitter user who said he was there.

In D.C., two loud noises near 11th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue NW prompted people nearby to flee toward the National Mall. Authorities on the scene confirmed the sounds were fireworks and said the noises probably sparked the alarm.

In Philadelphia, gun shots were heard shortly before 10 p.m., amid a fireworks display near the city center. Videos circulating on social media show people running away and attempting to scale safety barriers as fireworks went off in the background.

Two police officers were shot but have been released after being treated at a hospital, according to Philadelphia’s police commissioner, Danielle Outlaw. She said that law enforcement was pursuing leads but that no arrests have been made.

- - -

The Washington Post’s Caroline Pineda contributed to this report.

21-year-old suspect in Illinois parade shooting had posted foreboding videos

5 hours 56 min ago

This undated handout photo provided by the City of Highland Park Police Department shows Robert (Bobby) E. Crimo III. Highland Park Police Chief Lou Jogmen said Monday, July 4, 2022, that police have identified 22-year-old Crimo as a person of interest in an Independence Day parade shooting in suburban Chicago. (City of Highland Park Police Department via AP)

CHICAGO — The search for a 21-year-old man who authorities suspected of opening fire at the Highland Park Independence Day parade, killing at least six people and wounding more than two dozen others, ended Monday evening when he was taken into custody on the North Shore.

The arrest of Robert “Bobby” Crimo III came about eight hours after the mass shooting, which stunned the Chicago area and country as it celebrated the Fourth of July.

Late in the afternoon Monday, Highland Park police Chief Lou Jogmen had identified Crimo as the person of interest, saying he was believed to be driving a 2010 silver Honda Fit.

Crimo was spotted by North Chicago police near U.S. Highway 41 and Buckley Road. An officer tried to stop Crimo, but he briefly fled before being stopped, Jogmen said.

More than 100 law enforcement agencies had helped throughout the day to search for the suspect after he opened fire from a rooftop along the parade route. The police dragnet had started with a perimeter around the core of Highland Park, gradually spreading to include police activity in nearby neighborhoods and finally other suburbs.

Crimo was described as a longtime resident of the suburb who posted online videos under the moniker “The Awake Rapper.”

An archive of 17 YouTube videos apparently belonging to Crimo alternates between wholesome and foreboding.

In one video, a teen who looks like Crimo happily skateboards and roughhouses with his pals. Another captures what appears to be a police-escorted government motorcade leaving an airport before a man who appears to be Crimo swivels the camera to his tattooed face.

A black-and-white video, taken with a selfie stick, shows a glum figure that looks like Crimo walking through a neighborhood. In another, a newspaper with a Lee Harvey Oswald headline can be seen over his shoulder.

The most chilling video is the final one in the series, uploaded eight months ago, which features footage of a young man in a bedroom and a classroom along with cartoons of a gunman and people being shot.

Superimposed on the video is a rotating image of interlocked triangles. “I need to just do it,” a voice-over says over instrumental music. “It is my destiny. Everything has led up to this. Nothing can stop me, not even myself. Is there such a thing as free will, or has this been planned out like a cosmic recipe? It is what I’ve been waiting for in the back of my head, ready to be awakened. It’s what I was sent here to do, like a sleepwalker walking steady with my head held high, like a sleepwalker walking blindly into the night.”

Meanwhile, an investigation into the firearm used in the attack was underway after authorities announced that a rifle had been recovered at the scene.

Details about the recovered rifle were subject of an urgent, expedited trace by the federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives. Firearms trace information, in general, provides manufacturing details as well as where a firearm was shipped to for sale by a federally licensed firearms dealer.

The trace includes contacting the dealer, who must check paperwork to determine who the firearm originally was sold to. Once complete, the information will be turned over to Highland Park police, authorities said.

The Lake County Major Crime Task Force, Highland Park police and the FBI were leading the investigation, but “there are dozens of police agencies on the scene and our federal partners are deployed as well,” according to police.

The chaos began about 10:15 a.m. when the gunman, allegedly Crimo, stood on a roof and opened fire, shooting at least 30 people — at least six of them fatally, about 15 minutes into the northern suburb’s Fourth of July parade, according to police and the Lake County sheriff’s office.

Prior to Crimo’s arrest, Lake County Deputy Sheriff Chris Covelli had urged people to stay in their homes and be careful as a search got underway, with armored police vehicles descending on quiet suburban streets and law enforcement guarding the perimeter of neighborhoods with rifles.

“No neighborhood is safe,” said Jonathan Kozera, 56, who lives around the corner from the Highland Park home that was the subject of law enforcement work. “There’s too much hate going on in this country. We should be celebrating today, not making people suffer. There’s a lot of sick people.”

Meanwhile, on a block in nearby Highwood, neighbors looked on as FBI agents massed on the driveway of a home where Crimo was thought to live.

Gio Montenegro didn’t know the suspect, but saw him ride by on his electric scooter almost every day. His brother went to school with Crimo, he said.

“He was quiet,” he said. “Never said nothing. Just minded his business, put his loud music on his scooter.”

As officers moved around the house, Crimo’s next door neighbors walked down their driveway. They knew nothing of the boy and family next door, they said.

Later in the day, police in Chicago advanced on a house on West Taylor Street apparently linked to a Crimo relative. They were still there with streets closed in the area when Crimo was arrested on the North Shore.

———

Chicago Tribune reporters Jeremy Gorner and John Keilman contributed to this story.

2022 Mount Marathon results

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 18:34

The first wave of racers cross the starting line during the men’s Mount Marathon race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Doug Lindstrand/)

Mount Marathon 2022 results

GIRLS

1. Rose Conway, Anchorage, 33:18; 2. Tania Boonstra, Kenai, 33:41; 3. Jayna Boonstra, Kenai, 34:47; 4. Emily Moore, Eagle River, 34:55; 5. Olive Jordan, Seward, 36:50; 6. Aubrey Virgin, Palmer, 37:21; 7. Hailey Ingalls, Seward, 37:50; 8. Rylee Ruggles, Eagle River, 37:57; 9. Addison Bailey, Anchorage, 37:59; 10. Skyler Belmear, Eagle River, 38:06; 11. Wren Spangler, Palmer, 38:49; 12. Jillian Gavalya, Chugiak, 39:08; 13. Brenna Flannery, Anchorage, 39:22; 14. Maddie Schuh, Anchorage, 39:24; 15. Isela Austin, Palmer, 39:39; 16. Clara Sensabaugh, Palmer, 40:34; 17. Dashe McCabe, Winthrop, Wash. 40:45; 18. Alise Elliott, Anchorage, 40:55; 19. Brynn Rathert, Anchorage, 41:26; 20. Audra Burrill, Eagle River, 41:34; 21. Ava Trembath, Eagle River, 42:04; 22. Grace Ann Fleming, Seward, 42:08; 23. Sadie Haas, Seward, 42:46; 24. Gabby Kern, Anchorage, 43:16; 25. Nina Varnell, Anchorage, 43:24; 26. Maddie Haas, Seward, 43:35; 27. Natalie Sieminski, Seward, 43:47; 28. Lauren Dorris, Anchorage, 43:52; 29. Ellie Stull, Fort Hood, Texas 43:59; 30. Addison Capozzi, Eagle River, 44:03; 31. Azalea Daugherty, Eagle River, 44:05; 32. Maya Tirpack, Anchorage, 44:06; 33. Jane Malouf, Anchorage, 44:08; 34. Lucy Olson, Anchorage, 44:12; 35. Katie Van Buskirk, Seward, 44:13; 36. Linnea Gray, Eagle River, 44:21; 37. Ellen Kruchoski, Eagle River, 44:36; 38. Juniper Ingalls, Seward, 44:40; 39. Samantha Legate, Anchorage, 44:59; 40. Greta Reese, Anchorage, 45:00; 41. Haley Finch, Anchorage, 45:09; 42. Brooklyn Bailey, Anchorage, 45:28; 43. Ada Burrup, Eagle River, 45:35; 44. Selah Brueckner, Seward, 45:38; 45. Megan Nelson, Anchorage, 45:40; 46. Carolyn Burrill, Eagle River, 45:53; 47. Jacey Spencer, Eagle River, 46:19; 48. Maren Bickling, Seward, 46:48; 49. Tirzah Brueckner, Seward, 47:05; 50. Maeli Weaver, Anchorage, 47:20; 51. Indigo Hobson, Girdwood, 47:53; 52. Kaebrii Weaver, Anchorage, 47:58; 53. Sylvie Kastning, Anchorage, 48:21; 54. Olivia Soderstrom, Anchorage, 48:36; 55. Lake Bethard, Anchorage, 48:43; 56. Brittan Nelson, Eagle River, 48:48; 57. Brianna Bailey, Anchorage, 48:56; 58. Brynna Gerlach, Gakona, 49:02; 59. Annabelle Conant, Seward, 49:14; 60. Patricia Casey, Eagle River, 49:15; 61. Addison Lemme, Seward, 49:18; 62. Tali Novakovich, Anchorage, 49:20; 63. Rain Rubeo, Wasilla, 49:26; 64. Brighton Bailey, Anchorage, 50:28; 65. Alta Liljemark, Seward, 50:36; 66. Adele Matthews, Anchorage, 50:42; 67. Casey Bland, Anchorage, 50:44; 68. Ruby Willman, Anchorage, 51:09; 69. Kate Norvell, Seward, 51:15; 70. Elise Matthews, Anchorage, 51:47; 71. Renee Elhard, Seward, 51:48; 72. Samantha Jones, Palmer, 52:59; 73. Sophie Novakovich, Anchorage, 53:02; 74. Rebekah Annett, Anchorage, 53:05; 75. Anna Burrup, Eagle River, 53:05; 76. Margit Stensland, Oslo, Norway,; 53:08; 77. Eden Rinner, Anchorage, 53:19; 78. Tui Stanbury, Anchorage, 53:23; 79. Kohl Lang, Eagle River, 53:52; 80. Kylee Newman, Anchorage, 54:07; 81. Autumn Harley, Anchorage, 54:08; 82. Makena DesErmia, Seward, 54:27; 83. Leah Bland, Anchorage, 54:44; 84. Ava Elhard, Seward, 54:57; 85. Margaret Adams, Anchorage, 54:59; 86. Alivia Bailey, Anchorage, 55:39; 87. Brianna Gill Anderson, Anchorage, 55:58; 88. Rebecca Brackin, Seward, 55:59; 89. Olivia Burrup, Eagle River, 56:10; 90. Annabel Uffenbeck, Anchorage, 56:15; 91. Mia Moorman, Anchorage, 56:15; 92. Crimson Ros Townsend, Chugiak, 57:13; 93. Aurora Johnson, Chugiak, 57:41; 94. Harper Willman, Anchorage, 59:25; 95. Emily Anger, Seward, 59:50; 96. Everly Elhard, Seward, 1:01:29; 97. Alayna Naylor, Palmer, 1:04:48; 98. Morgan Buckbee, Soldotna, 1:06:46; 99. Julia Dunlap, Anchorage, 1:07:12; 100. Catherine Merriner, Anchorage, 1:09:23; 101. Clara Morse, Anchorage, 1:09:25; 102. Olivia Thompson, Kremmling, Colo. 1:09:47; 103. Rosemary Maixner, Big Lake, 1:09:57; 104. Olivia Tidlow-Tranel, Yellowstone Nation, Wyo. 1:10:26; 105. Isabel Prestwich, Fairfax, Va. 1:14:24; 106. Bernadette Maixner, Big Lake, 1:15:24.

Record 28:53 by Allie Ostrander in 2014


Blood dries from a cut on Addison Capozzi’s head as she talks with friends at the finish line after she completed the Junior Mount Marathon Race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Doug Lindstrand/)

BOYS

1. Coby Marvin, Palmer, 25:27; 2. Ali Papillon, Boulder, Colo. 25:43; 3. Robbie Annett, Anchorage, 28:43; 4. Blake Hanley, Anchorage, 28:46; 5. Owen Young, Anchorage, 30:31; 6. Corbin Wilson, Palmer, 30:41; 7. Raven Spangler, Palmer, 30:56; 8. Bryce Bethard, Anchorage, 31:40; 9. Blaze Rubeo, Wasilla, 31:42; 10. Sebastian Kogl, Valparaiso, Ind. 31:57; 11. Ethan Eski, Anchorage, 32:02; 12. Elias Johnson, Chugiak, 32:07; 13. Rowan Robinson, Anchorage, 32:08; 14. Logan Cuddy, Anchorage, 32:17; 15. David Sliwinski, Anchorage, 32:21; 16. Mason Newell, Eagle River, 32:23; 17. Nathan Rehberg, Anchorage, 32:23; 18. Colton Merriner, Anchorage, 33:01; 19. Henry Michener, Eagle River, 33:08; 20. Britton Bethard, Anchorage, 33:17; 21. Gabe Black, Palmer, 33:40; 22. Max Kiskaddon, Anchorage, 33:41; 23. Miles Numme-Worrell, Anchorage, 33:56; 24. Ole Reese, Anchorage, 34:26; 25. Jaxon Henrie, Anchorage, 34:34; 26. River Johnson, Chugiak, 34:37; 27. Weston Sensabaugh, Palmer, 34:52; 28. Gideon Schrock, Seward, 35:00; 29. Kaeden Anderson, Healdsburg, CA 35:03; 30. Easton Roads, Anchorage, 35:11; 31. Storm Rubeo, Wasilla, 35:39; 32. Paul Cvancara, Anchorage, 35:50; 33. Aaron Mehl, Eagle River, 35:51; 34. Josef Gross, Talkeetna, 35:57; 35. Fenn Reese, Anchorage, 36:00; 36. Luke Elhard, Seward, 36:04; 37. Mason Elhard, Seward, 36:11; 38. Axel Kiskaddon, Anchorage, 36:31; 39. Oliver Casurella, Anchorage, 36:35; 40. Alex Casurella, Anchorage, 36:48; 41. Ridge Conant, Seward, 36:49; 42. Jebediah Marvin, Palmer, 36:52; 43. Marcus Walsted, Anchorage, 36:58; 44. Miles Minnery, Anchorage, 37:14; 45. Isaac Marvin, Palmer, 37:16; 46. Cayden Townsend, Chugiak, 37:24; 47. Creed Cvancara, Anchorage, 37:24; 48. Oles Witczak, Palmer, 37:25; 49. Isaac Main, Anchorage, 37:30; 50. Elias Barnard, Anchorage, 37:32; 51. Charlie Bland, Salt Lake City, UT 37:45; 52. Elliott Beals, Anchorage, 38:01; 53. Julio Ramirez, Anchorage, 38:11; 54. Samuel Cryder, Chugiak, 38:12; 55. Quinn Humbert, Seward, 38:16; 56. Benjamin Huyard, Harrisonburg, Va. 38:17; 57. Breyden Nottingham, Eagle River, 38:20; 58. Simon Nelson, Anchorage, 38:32; 59. Beck Bethard, Anchorage, 38:44; 60. Zac Buckbee, Soldotna, 38:45; 61. Ryan Hansen, Anchorage, 38:54; 62. Elias Williams, Anchorage, 38:55; 63. Logan Williams, Anchorage, 38:57; 64. Harlow Wilson, Palmer, 38:59; 65. Jake Black, Palmer, 39:12; 66. Ryan Annett, Anchorage, 39:13; 67. Landon Bobo, Chugiak, 39:34; 68. Ian Naylor, Palmer, 39:40; 69. Paul Hlasny, Anchorage, 39:49; 70. Ice Rubeo, Wasilla, 39:49; 71. Bruce “Bodi” Anderson, Eagle River, 39:50; 72. Damien Borchardt, Eagle River, 39:56; 73. Russell Adams, Anchorage, 40:00; 74. Micah Brueckner, Seward, 40:01; 75. Zachary Crawford, Anchorage, 40:30; 76. Keenan Berrigan, Palmer, 40:50; 77. Hunter Forshee-Kurtz, Seward, 40:54; 78. Aidan Schilling, Seward, 41:00; 79. Kai Finch, Anchorage, 41:13; 80. Bengimin Ambrosiani, Seward, 41:22; 81. Chace Hardy, Girdwood, 41:24; 82. Jack Fineman, Anchorage, 41:44; 83. Dane Sieminski, Seward, 41:49; 84. Corbin Reitmeier, Anchorage, 42:03; 85. Andrew Arthur, Soldotna, 42:39; 86. Barret Malouf, Anchorage, 42:45; 87. Owen Farr, Chugiak, 42:48; 88. Reyce Lee, Anchorage, 42:54; 89. Victor Sparrs, Palmer, 43:16; 90. Johnny Stull, Fort Hood, Texas 43:30; 91. Lane Petersen, Seward, 43:47; 92. Brayden Sparrs, Palmer, 43:50; 93. Owen Harth, Anchorage, 43:51; 94. Merik Rinner, Anchorage, 43:55; 95. Rhett Jones, Monument, Colo. 44:00; 96. Owen Buckbee, Soldotna, 44:45; 97. Brayden Licht, Palmer, 45:32; 98. Charles Daugherty, Eagle River, 45:38; 99. Andrew Mehl, Eagle River, 45:38; 100. Holden Aquino, Anchorage, 46:18; 101. Legend Kopsack, Palmer, 46:27; 102. Austin Mehl, Eagle River, 46:44; 103. Billy Stull, Fort Hood, TX 47:00; 104. Kyler Barlow, Seward, 47:18; 105. Payden Henrie, Anchorage, 47:36; 106. Grant Carman, Genoa, Nev. 49:00; 107. Vendelin Maixner, Big Lake, 49:06; 108. Colton Hegna Bailie, Eagle River, 49:27; 109. Nathan Pitney, Palmer, 49:28; 110. Judah Brueckner, Seward, 49:28; 111. Taysom Weaver, Anchorage, 49:59; 112. Paxton Thompson, Anchorage, 50:06; 113. Gus Olson, Anchorage, 50:12; 114. Ryan Bland, Salt Lake City, Utah 50:32; 115. Rowan Lynch, Seward, 50:43; 116. Austin Merriner, Anchorage, 51:10; 117. Martin Fink, Seward, 51:12; 118. Collin Pitney, Palmer, 52:02; 119. Charles Bra Anderson, Eagle River, 52:29; 120. Benjamin Dunlap, Anchorage, 52:57; 121. Charles Moore, Kasilof, 53:00; 122. Preston Szymoniak, Anchorage, 53:02; 123. Adam Mehl, Eagle River, 54:38; 124. Jesse Dickson, Palmer, 54:43; 125. Nash Paprocki, Anchorage, 55:02; 126. Derrian Crenshaw/Carpenter, Seward, 55:11; 127. Leif Stanbury, Anchorage, 56:41; 128. Nathan Reitmeier, Anchorage, 57:09; 129. Rennick Heatwole, Anchorage, 57:32; 130. Torin Lynch, Seward, 58:17; 131. Carter Ivy, Seward, 58:32; 132. Gideon Kern, Anchorage, 58:58; 133. Wyatt Barlow, New Port Richey, Fla. 1:00:51; 134. Hudson Hegna, Eagle River, 1:04:06; 135. Odin Rydberg, Seward, 1:05:01; 136. Ewan Sexson, Anchorage, 1:18:54; 137. Oliver Banse, Seward, 1:19:49; 138. Matthew Moore, Kasilof, 1:27:27; 139. Andrew Moore Somerville, Anchorage, 1:27:38.

Record 24:30 by Bill Spencer in 1973


Ali Papillon runs down the bottom of Mount Marathon during the junior race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Doug Lindstrand/)

MEN

1. Max King, Bend, Ore. 43:37; 2. Thomas OHarra, Anchorage, 44:57; 3. Lars Arneson, Anchorage, 45:22; 4. Lyon Kopsack, Palmer, 45:37; 5. Roman Gross, Talkeetna, 45:45; 6. Alexander King, Trout Lake, Wash. 47:05; 7. Sam Hendry, Salt Lake City, Utah 47:39; 8. Galen Hecht, Anchorage, 47:54; 9. Benjamin Marvin, Palmer, 48:14; 10. Michael Connelly, Chugiak, 48:25; 11. Matt Shryock, Anchorage, 48:29; 12. Joshuah Taylor, Wasilla, 49:26; 13. Erik Johnson, Seward, 49:33; 14. Bodhi Gross, Boulder, Colo. 49:45; 15. Michael Earnhart, Eagle River, 49:45; 16. Bayden Menton, Joseph, Ore. 49:54; 17. Pyper Dixon, Seward, 50:26; 18. Luke Jager, Anchorage, 50:44; 19. Adam Jensen, Anchorage, 50:55; 20. Kenneth Brewer, Fairbanks, 51:01; 21. Matias Saari, Anchorage, 51:05; 22. Brian Kirchner, Anchorage, 51:15; 23. William Zenker, Anchorage, 51:53; 24. Taylor Turney, Anchorage, 52:26; 25. Ryan Cox, Anchorage, 52:30; 26. Nick Snow, Anchorage, 52:35; 27. Jared Gardiner, Anchorage, 52:44; 28. Ben Ward, Anchorage, 52:54; 29. Christopher Kirk, Eagle River, 52:58; 30. Tor Christopherson, Anchorage, 53:07; 31. John Novak, Anchorage, 53:11; 32. Tom Ritchie, Girdwood, 53:13; 33. Jason Lamoreaux, Anchorage, 53:25; 34. Jeffrey Stern, Mill Valley, Calif. 53:32; 35. Charles DiMarzio, Seward, 54:05; 36. Brady Burrough, Anchorage, 54:16; 37. Bjorn Nilsson, Seward, 54:31; 38. Miles Dennis, Anchorage, 54:40; 39. Patrick Conway, Anchorage, 54:41; 40. Max Hartke, Chugiak, 54:49; 41. Sebastian Szweda Mittelstadt, Indian, 54:54; 42. Eric Vilce, Anchorage, 54:57; 43. James Carlberg, Park City, Utah 54:58; 44. Matthew Novakovich, Anchorage, 55:03; 45. Lee McAuliffe, Anchorage, 55:04; 46. Kurtis Brumbaugh, Anchorage, 55:09; 47. Gabe Martin, Anchorage, 55:13; 48. Conor Deal, Anchorage, 55:30; 49. Craig Taylor, Eagle river, 55:51; 50. Jacob Kirk, Anchorage, 55:56; 51. Jesse Miller, Anchorage, 55:58; 52. Paul Butera, Anchorage, 55:59; 53. Collin Atkinson, Seward, 56:05; 54. Bernard Boettcher, Silt, Colo. 56:17; 55. A William Stoll, Anchorage, 56:24; 56. Dylan Miller, Anchorage, 56:30; 57. Kaleb Beloy, Anchorage, 56:36; 58. Justin Libby, Anchorage, 56:46; 59. Trevor Kreznar, Seward, 57:06; 60. Allan Spangler, Anchorage, 57:23; 61. Noble Gurney, Palmer, 57:43; 62. Barney Griffith, Anchorage, 57:46; 63. Forrest Mahlen, Anchorage, 57:51; 64. Garth Schulz, Anchorage, 57:55; 65. Miles Knotek, Moose Pass, 58:03; 66. Darin Markwardt, Palmer, 58:04; 67. Jared Kirkham, Anchorage, 58:08; 68. Shawn Erchinger, Colorado Springs, Colo. 58:22; 69. Jeffrey Levin, Anchorage, 58:32; 70. Derek Nottingham, Eagle River, 58:37; 71. Quinn Smith, Anchorage, 58:59; 72. Erik Sanders, Morrison, Colo. 59:13; 73. David Spencer, Anchorage, 59:28; 74. Brandon Rinner, Anchorage, 59:32; 75. Brian Boyle, Boston, Mass. 59:46; 76. Jerome Ross, Anchorage, 59:53; 77. Ian Beals, Anchorage, 1:00:14; 78. Kaleb Coston, Bloomington, MN 1:00:20; 79. James Miller, Anchorage, 1:00:21; 80. Jacob Thompson, Anchorage, 1:00:23; 81. Noel Nocas, Anchorage, 1:00:31; 82. Mike Wahlig, Anchorage, 1:00:33; 83. Mark Brady, Anchorage, 1:00:38; 84. Scott Talbert, Salem, Ore. 1:00:41; 85. David Apperson, Anchorage, 1:00:43; 86. Brad Benter, Anchorage, 1:00:43; 87. Dorian Gross, Boulder, Colo. 1:00:45; 88. Tucker Looney, Palmer, 1:00:55; 89. Gage Jarvis, Anchorage, 1:01:11; 90. Andrew Duenow, Anchorage, 1:01:11; 91. Isaac Bertschi, Anchorage, 1:01:13; 92. Joseph Engel, Anchorage, 1:01:24; 93. Alex Alonso, Eagle River, 1:01:27; 94. Mike Heatwole, Anchorage, 1:01:41; 95. Joshua Thomas, Seward, 1:01:43; 96. Thomas Nenahlo, Anchorage, 1:01:53; 97. Trent Gould, Seward, 1:01:53; 98. Alex Youngmun, Anchorage, 1:02:16; 99. John Thain, Duluth, Minn. 1:02:18; 100. Karl Romig, Cooper Landing, 1:02:30; 101. Maxwell Romey, Anchorage, 1:02:30; 102. Greg Michaelson, Anchorage, 1:02:41; 103. Christopher Cornelius, Girdwood, 1:02:56; 104. Jacob Streich, Spokane, Wash. 1:02:58; 105. Harlow Robinson, Anchorage, 1:02:58; 106. Andrew Dougherty, Salt Lake City, Utah 1:03:02; 107. Dylan Jones, Anchorage, 1:03:07; 108. William Gerlach, Chugiak, 1:03:12; 109. Jeremy Hoagland, Wasilla, 1:03:12; 110. Samuel Koster, Seward, 1:03:15; 111. Luke Cvancara, Anchorage, 1:03:17; 112. Patrick Lewis, Seward, 1:03:26; 113. Corey Kline, Boulder, Colo. 1:03:34; 114. Daryll Vispo, Anchorage, 1:04:00; 115. Jim McDonough, Anchorage, 1:04:05; 116. Joel Zeigler, Mechanicsburg, Pa. 1:04:08; 117. Noah Zogas, Anchorage, 1:04:13; 118. Gunner Bahn, Anchorage, 1:04:31; 119. Benjamin Uffenbeck, Anchorage, 1:04:43; 120. Marten Martensen, Anchorage, 1:04:55; 121. Connor Curley, Soda Springs, Calif. 1:05:23; 122. Steven Pavek, Anchorage, 1:05:24; 123. Brian Haviland, Anchorage, 1:05:29; 124. Bryce Fischer, Anchorage, 1:05:39; 125. Jacob Parker, Cheyenne , Wyo. 1:05:46; 126. Cameron Reitmeier, Anchorage, 1:06:27; 127. David Owens, Eagle River, 1:06:39; 128. Shawn Naber, Anchorage, 1:06:45; 129. Dylan Beck, Seward, 1:06:47; 130. Scott Gerlach, Chugiak, 1:06:48; 131. Ted Paprocki, Anchorage, 1:06:49; 132. James Murray, Wasilla, 1:06:52; 133. Tucker Lien, Eagle River, 1:06:56; 134. John Pahkala, Anchorage, 1:07:20; 135. Clint Mccool, Anchorage, 1:07:26; 136. Silas Firth, Homer, 1:07:54; 137. Luke Martensen, Anchorage, 1:08:06; 138. Mark Fineman, Anchorage, 1:08:19; 139. John Heimerl, Anchorage, 1:08:20; 140. Scott Henry, Anchorage, 1:08:30; 141. Dan Linkhart, Seward, 1:08:37; 142. John Clark, Palmer, 1:08:50; 143. Brian Pautzke, Girdwood, 1:08:58; 144. Dan Marshall, Seward, 1:09:00; 145. Samuel Young, Seward, 1:09:00; 146. Nathaniel Moore, Clovis, Calif. 1:09:16; 147. Lance Kopsack, Palmer, 1:09:45; 148. Jacob Case, Fairbanks, 1:09:59; 149. Timothy Brown, Greybull, Wyo. 1:10:48; 150. Travis Jewell, Cairo, Neb. 1:10:51; 151. Steve Gilles, Indian, 1:11:49; 152. Bryan Templeman, Anchorage, 1:11:58; 153. Nico Raffo, Oakland, Calif. 1:12:11; 154. Scott Gage, Anchorage, 1:12:38; 155. Evan Jones, Monument, Colo. 1:12:47; 156. Michael Tunseth, Kenai, 1:13:22; 157. Martin Tumey, Anchorage, 1:13:25; 158. Jonny Hughes, Anchorage, 1:13:45; 159. Justin Jay, Eagle River, 1:13:50; 160. Douglas Ketterer, Anchorage, 1:13:56; 161. Wayne Humbert, Seward, 1:14:01; 162. Brandon King, Anchorage, 1:14:10; 163. Ed Leonetti, Anchorage, 1:14:21; 164. Mike Kramer, Talkeetna, 1:14:32; 165. Luke Cronick, Sammamish, Wash. 1:14:36; 166. Brede Emtman, Eagle River, 1:14:39; 167. Alec Kay, Anchorage, 1:14:56; 168. Aaron Dickson, Palmer, 1:14:59; 169. Brian Fish, Palmer, 1:15:01; 170. Joey Klecka, Eagle River, 1:15:11; 171. Michael Michener, Eagle River, 1:15:38; 172. Michael Rubeo, Wasilla, 1:16:13; 173. Stephen Mayer, Anchorage, 1:16:17; 174. Jared Wallace, Seward, 1:16:17; 175. David Peterson, Anchorage, 1:16:24; 176. William Johnson, Anchorage, 1:16:36; 177. Jason Bressler, Anchorage, 1:16:38; 178. Edwin Shutt, Anchorage, 1:16:41; 179. Flip Foldager, Hope, 1:16:50; 180. Quinn Carroll, Anchorage, 1:16:51; 181. Kenny Regan, Hollis, N.H. 1:16:59; 182. Chris Ruggles, Eagle River, 1:17:09; 183. Hugh Barnett, Anchorage, 1:17:22; 184. Todd Stull, Fort Hood, Texas 1:17:46; 185. Bill Wood, Kenai, 1:18:35; 186. Paul Braa, Petaluma, Calif. 1:18:48; 187. Braun Kopsack, Palmer, 1:19:00; 188. David Rebischke, Anchorage, 1:19:21; 189. Joseph Tumidalsky, Glennallen, 1:19:42; 190. Jason McLennan, Anchorage, 1:19:54; 191. Eugene Chang, Anchorage, 1:20:03; 192. Jason Clark, Chittenango, N.Y. 1:20:41; 193. Michael Tranel, Yellowstone Nation, Wyo. 1:20:42; 194. Karl Mechtenberg, Seward, 1:21:45; 195. Daniel Naylor, Issaquah, Wash. 1:21:45; 196. Russell Storjohann, Anchorage, 1:21:46; 197. David Aquino, Anchorage, 1:21:48; 198. Seth Nicholas, Anchorage, 1:21:50; 199. Brian Stoecker, Anchorage, 1:21:51; 200. Joseph Walling, Palmer, 1:22:13; 201. Keith Weinhold, Anchorage, 1:22:21; 202. Orion Satori, Soldotna, 1:22:29; 203. Michael Stephan, Simi Valley, Calif. 1:22:32; 204. Keith Cook, Eagle River, 1:22:42; 205. Jason Moore, Anchorage, 1:23:25; 206. Tyler Beckes, Anchorage, 1:23:53; 207. Jason Buckbee, Soldotna, 1:23:55; 208. Mark Jacobsen, Anchorage, 1:25:54; 209. Brian Gross, Anchorage, 1:25:58; 210. Dane Crowley, Wasilla, 1:26:01; 211. Kurt Blumberg, Fairbanks, 1:26:05; 212. Michael Lucas, Anchorage, 1:26:08; 213. Jordan Stoner, Bozeman, Mont. 1:26:39; 214. Patrick Hanrahan, Anchorage, 1:27:12; 215. Patrick McAnally, Anchorage, 1:27:19; 216. Chase Armstrong, Wasilla, 1:27:30; 217. Chad Arthur, Soldotna, 1:27:46; 218. Michael Johnson, Salt Lake City, Utah 1:27:59; 219. Everett Billingslea, Seattle, Wash. 1:28:12; 220. Connor Sperry, Mesa, Ariz. 1:28:16; 221. Rocky Elhard, Seward, 1:28:18; 222. Blake Gaylord, Seward, 1:28:18; 223. Brian Deatherage, Tucson, Ariz 1:28:46; 224. Christopher Peterson, Windsor, Colo. 1:28:50; 225. Tyler Johnson, Nome, 1:28:50; 226. Trent Foldager, Anchorage, 1:29:09; 227. Kyle Kelley, Girdwood, 1:29:14; 228. Joseph Hawkins, Palmer, 1:29:41; 229. DuWayne Ruzicka, Anchorage, 1:29:51; 230. Jonathan Harvey, Anchorage, 1:29:56; 231. Sean Finney, North Pole, 1:30:00; 232. Robert Simpson, Newberg, Ore. 1:30:07; 233. Benjamin Parker, Wasilla, 1:30:41; 234. Shon Robinson, Kimberly, Idaho 1:30:47; 235. Joshua Baker, Eagle River, 1:31:29; 236. Walter Moore, Kasilof, 1:31:45; 237. Jamin Agosti, Anchorage, 1:31:48; 238. John Browne, Anchorage, 1:32:17; 239. Fred Moore, Seward, 1:32:41; 240. Dylan Garbe, Eagle River, 1:33:02; 241. Michael Cooney, Moose Pass, 1:33:13; 242. Patrick Stinson, Anchorage, 1:33:21; 243. Steve Carroll, Anchorage, 1:34:23; 244. Tim Dion, Albuquerque, N.M. 1:34:41; 245. Robert Bernardi, Seward, 1:34:41; 246. Noah Rehberg, Anchorage, 1:34:58; 247. Steve Mckeever, Anchorage, 1:35:15; 248. Jeff Pace, Cupertino, Calif. 1:35:22; 249. Mike Beiergrohslein, Eagle River, 1:35:31; 250. Calvin Kern, Anchorage, 1:35:50; 251. David M Lorring, Soldotna, 1:36:20; 252. Bruce Davison, Anchorage, 1:36:34; 253. Zach Momberger, Chugiak, 1:36:46; 254. Robert Forgit, Anchorage, 1:37:02; 255. Jace Makamson, Wasilla, 1:37:03; 256. Evan Steinhauser, Eagle River, 1:37:42; 257. Nathan Grilliot, Wasilla, 1:37:59; 258. Steve Buchanan, Kingman, Ariz. 1:39:19; 259. Roger Kemppel, Anchorage, 1:40:13; 260. Todd Bethard, Anchorage, 1:40:29; 261. Bill Spencer, Anchorage, 1:40:29; 262. Christopher Gionet, Anchorage, 1:40:58; 263. Alejandro Pena, Anchorage, 1:41:41; 264. Caleb Eppler, Nevada, Texas 1:41:55; 265. Clarence Pautzke, Anchorage, 1:42:03; 266. Solomon D’ Amico, Seward, 1:44:15; 267. Brian Burns, Fritz creek, 1:44:21; 268. Paul Pedersen, Soldotna, 1:44:46; 269. Ryan Lewis, Hayden, Idaho 1:45:54; 270. Aaron Miller, Anchorage, 1:46:09; 271. Brent Williams, Anchorage, 1:49:49; 272. Paul Gionet, Anchorage, 1:50:19; 273. Alex Slivka, Anchorage, 1:50:35; 274. Timothy Branson, La Habra, Calif. 1:51:27; 275. Cody Miller, Big lake, 1:54:07; 276. Todd Brownson, Anchorage, 1:55:01; 277. Scott Babos, Manchester, Wash. 1:55:34; 278. Peter Hopkins, Anchorage, 1:55:50; 279. Mark Tuovinen, Anchorage, 1:56:00; 280. Gregory Lincoln, Bethel, 1:56:15; 281. William Thompson, St Helena, Calif. 1:57:24; 282. Andrew Daoust, Anchorage, 1:57:37; 283. Ryan Anger, Seward, 1:57:59; 284. Steve Parrish, Palmer, 1:59:38; 285. Anthony Brown, Greybull, Wyo. 1:59:54; 286. Michael Craytor, Seward, 2:01:41; 287. Timothy Garbe, Eagle River, 2:02:13; 288. Christopher Booth, Edina, Minn. 2:07:44; 289. Chester Showalter, Palmer, 2:09:27; 290. Norman Anth Adams, Eagle River, 2:12:06; 291. Robert Souders, Andover, Ohio 2:14:06; 292. Matthew Cope, Seward, 2:14:20; 293. Jason Richardson, Norfolk, Va. 2:19:11.

Record 41:26 by David Norris in 2016


Scott Gage, from Anchorage, rests on a bucket after crossing the finish line in the men’s Mount Marathon race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Emily Mesner/)

WOMEN

1. Allie McLaughlin, Colorado Springs, Colo. 47:09*; 2. Hannah Lafleur, Seward, 52:35; 3. Christy Marvin, Palmer, 52:45; 4. Meg Inokuma, Palmer, 52:51; 5. Klaire Rhodes, Anchorage, 53:09; 6. Rose Frankowski, Anchorage, 53:19; 7. Ruby Lindquist, Moose Pass, 54:44; 8. Novie McCabe, Winthrop, Wash. 56:27; 9. Najeeby Quinn, Anchorage, 56:31; 10. Sophie Wright, Bellingham, Wash. 56:38; 11. Kendall Kramer, Fairbanks, 57:12; 12. Denali Strabel, Palmer, 57:26; 13. Sarah Haubert, Ouray, Colo. 58:03; 14. April McAnly, Eagle River, 58:24; 15. Abby Jahn, Juneau, 59:36; 16. Olivia Amber, San Francisco, Calif. 1:00:16; 17. Megan Neale, Anchorage, 1:00:44; 18. Rya Berrigan, Palmer, 1:00:49; 19. Elizabeth Ruimveld, Wasilla, 1:00:57; 20. Sabrina Farmer, Anchorage, 1:01:12; 21. Julianne Dickerson, Anchorage, 1:01:23; 22. Claire Nelson, Eagle River, 1:01:39; 23. Hannah Lies, Anchorage, 1:01:59; 24. Lisa Anglen, Anchorage, 1:02:15; 25. Lucy Young, Anchorage, 1:02:30; 26. Annie Connelly, Eagle River, 1:02:41; 27. Jennifer Sandvik, Eagle River, 1:02:52; 28. Charity Duley, Anchorage, 1:03:26; 29. Leah Besh, Anchorage, 1:03:28; 30. Rachel Dow, Seward, 1:03:54; 31. Allison Barnwell, Seward, 1:04:23; 32. Katey Houser, Palmer, 1:04:30; 33. Kinsey Loan, Eagle River, 1:04:39; 34. Cassandra Delgado, Seward, 1:04:41; 35. Sarah Thomas, Eagle River, 1:04:59; 36. Tara Swanson, Anchorage, 1:05:02; 37. Lauren Spinelli, Anchorage, 1:05:05; 38. Sarah Freistone, Anchorage, 1:05:24; 39. Carly Venzke, Palmer, 1:05:39; 40. Tori Hickel, Anchorage, 1:06:11; 41. Cecelia Nocas, Anchorage, 1:06:12; 42. Sarah Cosgrave, Anchorage, 1:06:18; 43. Kylie Judd, Anchorage, 1:06:40; 44. Aubrey LeClair, Anchorage, 1:06:42; 45. Cara Wallschlaeger, Seward, 1:06:47; 46. Jocelyn Kopsack, Palmer, 1:06:51; 47. Amy Harper, Arroyo Grande, Calif., 1:06:52; 48. Kristen Sieminski, Seward, 1:06:57; 49. Jordan Strausbaugh, Soldotna, 1:07:12; 50. Isabel Barnwell, Seward, 1:07:15; 51. Anna Widman, Kenai, 1:07:20; 52. Aila Berrigan, Palmer, 1:07:27; 53. Laura Tuttle, Anchorage, 1:07:30; 54. Kelly Ann Cavaretta, Seward, 1:07:57; 55. Rachel Russell, Eagle River, 1:08:05; 56. Holly Brooks, Anchorage, 1:08:06; 57. Viviana Mina, Eagle River, 1:08:08; 58. Mackenzie Barnwell, Seward, 1:08:12; 59. Shelby Sieminski, Seward, 1:08:18; 60. Shannon Fraser, Anchorage, 1:08:55; 61. Amanda Hegna, Eagle River, 1:09:12; 62. Amy De Schweinitz, Anchorage, 1:09:13; 63. Michelle Richards, Palmer, 1:09:39; 64. Tasha Folsom, Sitka, 1:09:52; 65. Quincy Donley, Anchorage, 1:09:55; 66. Zoe Hickel, Anchorage, 1:09:58; 67. Hannah Ingrim, Girdwood, 1:10:06; 68. Hannah Beutler, Seward, 1:10:16; 69. Tekla Seavey, Seward, 1:10:17; 70. Alina Rice, Palmer, 1:10:21; 71. Katie Conway, Anchorage, 1:10:52; 72. Karina Packer, Anchorage, 1:10:58; 73. Katie Sela, Seward, 1:11:01; 74. Sheryl Loan, Eagle River, 1:11:03; 75. Emily Walsh, Eagle River, 1:11:31; 76. Mira Lammers, Broomfield, Colo. 1:11:36; 77. Elizabeth Sasseman, Morrison, Colo. 1:11:40; 78. Erika Arthur, Soldotna, 1:11:58; 79. Justine Reese, Wasilla, 1:12:02; 80. Teresa Russell, Eagle River, 1:12:16; 81. Sofija Spaic, Palmer, 1:12:26; 82. Jenn Donovan, Superior, Mont. 1:12:27; 83. Sarah Lucas, Anchorage, 1:12:30; 84. Grace Fritzel, Anchorage, 1:12:34; 85. Tatjana Spaic, Palmer, 1:12:44; 86. Annika Nilsson, Seward, 1:12:53; 87. Shannon Brockman, Anchorage, 1:13:04; 88. Kimberly Riggs, Anchorage, 1:13:13; 89. Amber McDonough, Anchorage, 1:13:28; 90. Kathleen Sorensen, Seward, 1:13:32; 91. Zoe Chang, Anchorage, 1:14:13; 92. Heidi Booher, Chugiak, 1:14:21; 93. Erica Shafer, Anchorage, 1:14:26; 94. Tiffanie Bird, Anchorage, 1:14:53; 95. Dreanna Owens, Eagle River, 1:14:57; 96. Jana Seaman, Anchorage, 1:15:12; 97. Kristen Peters, Eagle River, 1:15:24; 98. Danielle Harris, Eagle River, 1:15:25; 99. Trish Kopp, Anchorage, 1:16:11; 100. Jordin Thompson, Anchorage, 1:16:16; 101. Teal Hall, Moose Pass, 1:16:34; 102. Jennifer Anderson, Seward, 1:16:36; 103. Stephanie Wright, Seward, 1:16:53; 104. Adrienne McVey, Anchorage, 1:16:53; 105. Leah Legate, Anchorage, 1:16:55; 106. Unknown, 1:16:55; 107. Marion Woods, Anchorage, 1:17:06; 108. Heidi Sinclair, Seward, 1:17:30; 109. Justine Pechuzal, Seward, 1:17:38; 110. Michelle Dickson, Anchorage, 1:17:40; 111. Alejandra Legate, Anchorage, 1:17:41; 112. Sarah Marino-Babcock, San Francisco, Calif. 1:17:47; 113. Amie Wu, Anchorage, 1:17:56; 114. Danielle Varney, Anchorage, 1:18:07; 115. Alyse Loran, Anchorage, 1:18:15; 116. Elizabeth Hooper, Anchorage, 1:18:35; 117. Jenna Frederic, Anchorage, 1:18:40; 118. Ivy Bowler, Anchorage, 1:19:12; 119. Adrianna Proffitt, Chugiak, 1:19:24; 120. Melissa Castle, Anchorage, 1:19:30; 121. Maria Cvancara, Anchorage, 1:19:36; 122. Leslie Varys, Wasilla, 1:19:36; 123. Nicole Lawrence, Seward, 1:19:41; 124. Sondra Stonecipher, Soldotna, 1:19:47; 125. Stacy Schaffer, Seward, 1:19:55; 126. Maranatha Brueckner, Seward, 1:19:59; 127. Gina Valdes, Anchorage, 1:20:03; 128. Kelsey Roth, Palmer, 1:20:05; 129. Megan Olson, Anchorage, 1:20:06; 130. Ellyn Brown, Anchorage, 1:20:07; 131. Kristine Percival, Anchorage, 1:20:12; 132. Marcie Lovgren, Bozeman, Mont. 1:20:21; 133. Ingrid Reese, Anchorage, 1:20:23; 134. Kay Sind, Anchorage, 1:20:23; 135. Eline Cove, Anchorage, 1:20:48; 136. Karen Boschenstein, Anchorage, 1:20:50; 137. Karen Looney, Palmer, 1:21:40; 138. Mallory Karp, Anchorage, 1:21:49; 139. Erin Hamilton, Anchorage, 1:21:57; 140. Shannon Davis, Eagle River, 1:22:21; 141. Chrissy Forgione, Seward, 1:22:24; 142. Christine Youngblood, Anchorage, 1:22:34; 143. Ivy Eski, Anchorage, 1:22:34; 144. Kim Kersten, Anchorage, 1:22:35; 145. Shelby Lee Harris, Salmon, ID 1:22:48; 146. Tracy Houser, Palmer, 1:22:50; 147. Kassandra Burke, Anchorage, 1:22:50; 148. Caitlin Gohr, Anchorage, 1:22:58; 149. Abigail Robinson, Kimberly, Idaho. 1:23:04; 150. Denielle Beilfuss, West Bend, Wisc. 1:23:08; 151. Madi Rollins, Seward, 1:23:13; 152. Kelley Wiley, Anchorage, 1:23:13; 153. Ilana Schnaufer, Anchorage, 1:23:24; 154. Alina Rubeo, Wasilla, 1:23:25; 155. Hailee Rahm, Palmer, 1:23:31; 156. Samantha Allen, Seward, 1:23:32; 157. Clare Shea, Eagle River, 1:23:34; 158. Jennifer Smith, Anchorage, 1:23:39; 159. Katherine Puls, Anchorage, 1:23:45; 160. Linda Rao, Boulder, Colo. 1:23:53; 161. Bronwen Nicholls, Anchorage, 1:23:53; 162. Janee Moore, Sterling, 1:23:53; 163. Binget Nilsson, Seward, 1:24:02; 164. Brittany Chambers, East Glacier Park, Mont. 1:24:22; 165. Stephanie Gardner, Odgen, UT 1:24:25; 166. Christie Haupert, Anchorage, 1:24:31; 167. Amy Belmear, Eagle River, 1:24:35; 168. Courtney Lyons, Anchorage, 1:24:38; 169. Karen Carswell Kirk, Eagle River, 1:24:44; 170. Courtney Bringhurst, Seward, 1:24:55; 171. Megan Volk, Portland, Ore. 1:25:28; 172. Amy Dreger, Boulder, Colo. 1:25:30; 173. Heidi Conway, Anchorage, 1:25:52; 174. Kosette Isakson, Anchorage, 1:25:59; 175. Hallidie Phillips, Anchorage, 1:26:08; 176. Patricia Foldager, Hope, 1:27:08; 177. Annika Goozen, Eagle River, 1:27:12; 178. Trina Resari-Salao, Anchorage, 1:27:56; 179. Josephine Crawford, Anchorage, 1:28:20; 180. Kayla Rowe-Knotek, Anchorage, 1:28:37; 181. Jenna Fuller, Wasilla, 1:28:39; 182. Verena Gill, Anchorage, 1:28:51; 183. Ireland Hicks, Seward, 1:28:53; 184. Ava Harren, Boise, ID 1:29:19; 185. Kelsey Tranel, Anchorage, 1:29:20; 186. Dina Torres, Eagle River, 1:29:32; 187. Lauren Shimp, Moab, Utah 1:29:39; 188. Amrita Mcsharry, Anchorage, 1:30:15; 189. Leah Babcock, Anchorage, 1:30:28; 190. Krista Lang, Eagle River, 1:30:35; 191. Michelle Sensabaugh, Palmer, 1:30:55; 192. Rebekah Stoner, Bozeman, Mont. 1:30:58; 193. Rachel Gordon, Seward, 1:31:14; 194. Hana Cooney, Moose Pass, 1:31:14; 195. Mary Beth Koster, Seward, 1:31:37; 196. Carolyn Boone, Chugiak, 1:31:51; 197. Wren Dougherty, Seward, 1:31:57; 198. Lynn Spencer, Anchorage, 1:32:55; 199. Shannon Ryan, Seward, 1:33:08; 200. Olive Heatwole, Anchorage, 1:33:22; 201. Suzanne Knudsen, Indian, 1:34:00; 202. Brittany Newman, Anchorage, 1:34:12; 203. Rachel Fischer, Anchorage, 1:34:24; 204. Sarah Nicholas, Anchorage, 1:34:26; 205. Taylor Thorn, Wasilla, 1:34:29; 206. Amber Weaver, Anchorage, 1:34:41; 207. Alexandra Okeson, Anchorage, 1:34:46; 208. Brooklyn Burgess, Anchorage, 1:35:06; 209. Elyse Delaney, Seattle, Wash. 1:35:08; 210. Emily Lindsey, Great Falls, Mont. 1:35:10; 211. Laura McGinley Kline, Boulder, Colo. 1:35:21; 212. Katie Chriest, Anchorage, 1:35:38; 213. Julianna Auld, Wasilla, 1:36:55; 214. Kendal Strachan, Seward, 1:37:08; 215. Heidi Goozen, Eagle River, 1:37:24; 216. Amy Dunville, Anchorage, 1:37:35; 217. Amber Sheffield, Wasilla, 1:37:55; 218. Carolyn Harley, Anchorage, 1:38:04; 219. Piper Belmear, Eagle River, 1:38:26; 220. Kathy Jacobsen, Anchorage, 1:39:02; 221. Katharina Zellmann, JBER, 1:39:06; 222. Christie Wisel, Seward, 1:39:28; 223. Naomi Daigle, Homer, 1:40:22; 224. Jodi Harskamp, Anchorage, 1:41:54; 225. Jill McLeod, Anchorage, 1:41:55; 226. Margaret Cunningham, Anchorage, 1:42:17; 227. Billie Jo Kopsack, Palmer, 1:42:36; 228. Jaden Trboyevich, Anchorage, 1:42:39; 229. Anna Martin, Clearlake, Wash. 1:43:55; 230. Amy Brumbaugh, Anchorage, 1:45:09; 231. Kathryn Erbes, Big Sky, Mont. 1:45:50; 232. Kathryn Rose, Anchorage, 1:45:55; 233. Nikole Boggs, Seattle, Wash. 1:46:03; 234. Leslie Rawson, Anchorage, 1:46:04; 235. Angel Peterson, Saraland, AL 1:46:08; 236. Crystal Leonetti, Anchorage, 1:46:46; 237. Katie Peot, Missoula, Mont. 1:47:37; 238. Kathleen Morrison, Soldotna, 1:48:38; 239. Shelby Bates, Anchorage, 1:48:50; 240. Jean Labonte, Eagle River, 1:48:54; 241. Lindsey Gerlach, Chugiak, 1:50:16; 242. Veronica Bunch, Seward, 1:50:29; 243. Dani Buckley, Anchorage, 1:50:53; 244. Araya Fejes, Seward, 1:52:08; 245. Jen Yach, Anchorage, 1:52:25; 246. Nancy Osborne, Bellbrook, Ohio 1:53:04; 247. Hope Szymoniak, Anchorage, 1:53:19; 248. Ava Cook, Eagle River, 1:55:37; 249. Wendy Bryden, Moose Pass, 1:57:35; 250. Fina Kiefer, Palmer, 1:57:46; 251. Keegan Lorring, Soldotna, 1:59:21; 252. Zoee Beiergrohslein, Eagle River, 1:59:48; 253. Linnea Dohring, Anchorage, 2:00:20; 254. Leslie Dickson, Anchorage, 2:00:59; 255. Sheri Boggs, Soldotna, 2:02:53; 256. Jenny Sheasley, Anchorage, 2:03:22; 257. Andrea Hawkins-Daarud, Houston, Texas 2:03:34; 258. Brenna Berry, Homer, 2:04:39; 259. Hannah Farr, Chugiak, 2:05:53; 260. Jessie Huett, Seward, 2:06:06; 261. Erica Hausfeld, Homer, 2:06:55; 262. Jennifer Morse, Anchorage, 2:10:42; 263. Sarah Gray, Salcha, 2:12:52; 264. Yereth Rosen, Anchorage, 2:14:51; 265. Cydney Brown, Anchorage, 2:15:06; 266. Holly Holman, Palmer, 2:15:52; 267. Bonnie Moore, Anchorage, 2:17:17; 268. Marlee Ross, Denton, TX 2:18:50; 269. Sarah Warnke, Eagle River, 2:23:46; 270. Cara Jacobson, Walla Walla, Wash. 2:28:19; 271. Adjoa Smalls-Mantey, New York, N.Y. 2:29:23.

*New record: Old record 47:48 by Emilie Forsberg in 2015


Najeeby Quinn, from Anchorage, winces as she runs toward the finish line of the Mount Marathon race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Emily Mesner/)

Putin declares victory in eastern Ukraine region of Luhansk

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 18:28

In this handout photo taken from video released by Russian Defense Ministry Press Service on Monday, July 4, 2022, A man sets a Russian national flag on a balcony of a residential building in Lysychansk, which is now territory under the Government of the Luhansk People's Republic control, eastern Ukraine. (Russian Defense Ministry Press Service via AP)

POKROVSK, Ukraine — Russian President Vladimir Putin on Monday declared victory in the eastern Ukrainian region of Luhansk, one day after Ukrainian forces withdrew from their last remaining bulwark of resistance in the province.

Russia’s Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu reported to Putin in a televised meeting Monday that Russian forces had taken control of Luhansk, which together with the neighboring Donetsk province makes up Ukraine’s industrial heartland of Donbas.

Shoigu told Putin that “the operation” was completed on Sunday after Russian troops overran the city of Lysychansk, the last stronghold of Ukrainian forces in Luhansk.

Putin, in turn, said that the military units “that took part in active hostilities and achieved success, victory” in Luhansk, “should rest, increase their combat capabilities.”

Putin’s declaration came as Russian forces tried to press their offensive deeper into eastern Ukraine after the Ukrainian military confirmed that its forces had withdrawn from Lysychansk on Sunday. Luhansk governor Serhii Haidai said on Monday that Ukrainian forces had retreated from the city to avoid being surrounded.

“There was a risk of Lysychansk encirclement,” Haidai told the Associated Press, adding that Ukrainian troops could have held on for a few more weeks but would have potentially paid too high a price.

“We managed to do centralized withdrawal and evacuate all injured,” Haidai said. “We took back all the equipment, so from this point withdrawal was organized well.”

The Ukrainian General Staff said Russian forces were now focusing their efforts on pushing toward the line of Siversk, Fedorivka and Bakhmut in the Donetsk region, about half of which is controlled by Russia. The Russian army has also intensified its shelling of the key Ukrainian strongholds of Sloviansk and Kramatorsk, deeper in Donetsk.

On Sunday, six people, including a 9-year-old girl, were killed in the Russian shelling of Sloviansk and another 19 people were wounded, according to local authorities. Kramatorsk also came under fire on Sunday.

An intelligence briefing Monday from the British Defense Ministry supported the Ukrainian military’s assessment, noting that Russian forces will “now almost certainly” switch to capturing Donetsk. The briefing said the conflict in Donbas has been “grinding and attritional,” and is unlikely to change in the coming weeks.

While the Russian army has a massive advantage in firepower, military analysts say that it doesn’t have any significant superiority in the number of troops. That means Moscow lacks resources for quick land gains and can only advance slowly, relying on heavy artillery and rocket barrages to soften Ukrainian defenses.

Putin has made capturing the entire Donbas a key goal in his war in Ukraine, now in its fifth month. Moscow-backed separatists in Donbas have battled Ukrainian forces since 2014 when they declared independence from Kyiv after the Russian annexation of Ukraine’s Crimea. Russia formally recognized the self-proclaimed republics days before its Feb. 24 invasion of Ukraine.

Since failing to take Kyiv and other areas in Ukraine’s northeast early in the war, Russia has focused on Donbas, unleashing fierce shelling and engaging in house-to-house combat that devastated cities in the region.

Russia’s invasion has also devastated Ukraine’s agricultural sector, disrupting supply chains of seed and fertilizer needed by Ukrainian farmers and blocking the export of grain, a key source of revenue for the country.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, in his nightly video address, called for immediate economic aid to help the country rebuild even as fighting continues.

“The restoration of Ukraine is not only about what needs to be done later after our victory, but also about what needs to be done right now. And we must do this together with our partners, with the entire democratic world,” he said.

“A significant part of the economy has been destroyed by hostilities and Russian strikes. Thousands of enterprises do not work. And this means a high need for jobs, to provide social benefits, despite the decrease in tax revenues,” Zelenskyy said.

In its Monday intelligence report, Britain’s defense ministry pointed to the Russian blockade of the key Ukrainian port of Odesa, which has severely restricted grain exports. They predicted that Ukraine’s agricultural exports would reach only 35% of the 2021 total this year as a result.

As Moscow pushed its offensive across Ukraine’s east, areas in western Russia came under attack Sunday in a revival of sporadic apparent Ukrainian strikes across the border. The governor of the Belgorod region in Western Russia said fragments of an intercepted Ukrainian missile killed four people Sunday. In the Russian city of Kursk, two Ukrainian drones were shot down, according to the Russian Defense Ministry.

___

Associated Press journalists Inna Varenytsia, Maria Grazia Murru and Oleksandr Stashevskyi contributed to this report from Kyiv.

Sydney floods impact 50,000 around Australia’s largest city

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 18:17

A couple walk through flood waters from their semi-submerged car at Richmond on the outskirts of Sydney, Australia, Tuesday, July 5, 2022. (AP Photo/Mark Baker) (Mark Baker/)

SYDNEY — Hundreds of homes have been inundated in and around Australia’s largest city in a flood emergency that was impacting 50,000 people, officials said Tuesday.

Emergency response teams made 100 rescues overnight of people trapped in cars on flooded roads or in inundated homes in the Sydney area, State Emergency Service manager Ashley Sullivan said.

Days of torrential rain have caused dams to overflow and waterways to break their banks, bringing a fourth flood emergency in 16 months to parts of the city of 5 million people.

The New South Wales state government declared a disaster across 23 local government areas overnight, activating federal government financial assistance for flood victims.

Evacuation orders and warnings to prepare to abandon homes impacted 50,000 people, up from 32,000 on Monday, New South Wales Premier Dominic Perrottet said.

“This event is far from over. Please don’t be complacent, wherever you are. Please careful when you’re driving on our roads. There is still substantial risk for flash flooding across our state,” Perrottet said.

Emergency Services Minister Steph Cooke credited the skill and commitment of rescue crews for preventing any death or serious injury by the fourth day of the flooding emergency.

Parts of southern Sydney had been lashed by more than 20 centimeters (nearly 8 inches) of rain in 24 hours, more than 17% of the city’s annual average, Bureau of Meteorology meteorologist Jonathan How said.

Severe weather warnings of heavy rain remained in place across Sydney’s eastern suburbs on Tuesday. The warnings also extended north of Sydney along the coast and into the Hunter Valley.


A building is inundated with water at Richmond on the outskirts of Sydney, Australia, Tuesday, July 5, 2022. Hundreds of homes have been inundated in and around Australia’s largest city in a flood emergency that was threatening 50,000 people, officials said on Tuesday. (AP Photo/Mark Baker) (Mark Baker/)

The worst flooding was along the Hawkesbury-Nepean rivers system along Sydney’s northern and western fringes.

“The good news is that by tomorrow afternoon, it is looking to be mostly dry but, of course, we are reminding people that these floodwaters will remain very high well after the rain has stopped,” How said.

“There was plenty of rain fall overnight and that is actually seeing some rivers peak for a second time. So you’ve got to take many days, if not a week, to start to see these floodwaters start to recede,” How added.

The wild weather and mountainous seas along the New South Wales coast thwarted plans to tow a stricken cargo ship with 21 crew members to the safety of open sea.

The ship lost power after leaving port in Wollongong, south of Sydney, on Monday morning and risked being grounded by 8-meter (26-foot) swells and winds blowing at 30 knots (34 mph) against cliffs.

An attempt to tow the ship with tugboats into open ocean ended when a towline snapped in an 11-meter (36-foot) swell late Monday, Port Authority chief executive Philip Holliday said.

The ship was maintaining its position on Tuesday farther from the coast than it had been on Monday with two anchors and the help of two tugboats. The new plan was to tow the ship to Sydney when weather and sea conditions calmed as early as Wednesday, Holliday said. The original plan had been for the ship’s crew to repair their engine at sea.

“We’re in a better position than we were yesterday,” Holliday said. “We’re in relative safety.”

Perrottet described the tugboat crews’ response on Monday to save the ship as “heroic.”

“I want to thank those men and women who were on those crews last night for the heroic work they did in incredibly treacherous conditions. To have an 11-meter (36-foot) swell, to be undergoing and carrying out that work is incredibly impressive,” Perrottet said.

Colorado runner Allie McLaughlin shatters women’s record at Mount Marathon

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 17:33

Allie McLaughlin, from Colorado Springs, runs toward the Mount Marathon finish line as the crowd cheers her on in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Emily Mesner/)

SEWARD — What started out as a joke for Allie McLaughlin ended up as a record.

The world champion mountain runner from Colorado Springs, Colorado, blew past the rest of the field Monday, breaking the Mount Marathon women’s record by 39 seconds.

McLaughlin’s time of 47 minutes, nine seconds was also more than five minutes faster than her closest competitors.

And while McLaughlin’s win was not surprising given her championship history, the race record went from a punchline to a serious goal.

“Throughout the week people would ask me ‘Oh what are you going for?’ McLaughlin said. “And I would jokingly say, ‘Yeah I’m going for the record.’ Totally 100% not serious. Then it started clicking in my head and I thought, that’d be cool. But I never thought I’d be able to go fast enough on the downhill to hold it.”

“And just did what I thought I could do and I got it.”

[Max King wins Mount Marathon men’s race, at 42 is crowned as the oldest winner]


Dirt and blood is washed off of Allie McLaughlin’s legs as she rests on a bucket after finishing in first place in the women’s Mount Marathon race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Emily Mesner/)
Seward’s Mackenzie Barnwell embraces another racer after they completed the Mount Marathon race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Emily Mesner/)

Emilie Forsberg’s run of 47 minutes, 48 seconds in 2015 was the previous record.

The win and record on Mount Marathon was important for McLaughlin, whose resume includes winning the World Long Distance Mountain Running Championship in 2014.

“I dearly love it,” she said. “You’re not a mountain runner until you race down this. So now I feel like I’ve entered the club.”

McLaughlin knew she could make time on the uphill portion of the race, but the downhill is where she thought she might be vulnerable.

“I thought I was going slow, but I just thought don’t stop, keep moving forward and you’ll get down,” she said.

“I just try to go as fast as I can up so I can build a bigger lead. I don’t want to lose it on the down.”

The crowds of people along Jefferson Street and 4th Avenue cheered feverishly as McLaughlin bolted down the final stretch when it was clear she may have a shot at the record.

Finishing in the top 10 behind McLaughlin was a who’s who of Alaska’s top women runners. Seward’s Hannah Lafleur, who won the 2019 and 2021 races, finished in second with a time of 52:35. Christy Marvin, herself a 2-time winner, finished third at 52:45.


Women run up Mount Marathon as they compete in the women’s Mount Marathon race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Emily Mesner/)
Seward’s Mackenzie and Isabel Barnwell embrace and talk about their race after crossing the finish line in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Emily Mesner/)

Palmer’s Meg Inokuma placed fourth, Anchorage’s Klaire Rhodes placed fifth, Olympic skier Rosie Frankowski finished sixth and Moose Pass runner Ruby Linquist placed seventh.

For Lafleur, who was a minute off her personal record which she was aiming to break, the race is showcase both for Seward, but for its runners.

“It’s the day that Seward looks forward to the whole rest of the year,” she said. “For Seward’s running community it’s something we get to encourage each other on and build each other up for. We go out finding runs and practice different parts of the mountain together.

“It’s just such a focal point in our running community. It means a lot to all of us and the support I feel from that running community is why this day is so special.”

Lafleur, who completed her fifth Mount Marathon, said it’s also inspirational to see veteran runners still competing at a high level.

“Seeing some of the women who have been doing well here for years and years (is great),” she said. “I was getting close to the top and Najeeby Quinn was right there with me and I was just like ‘heck yeah’ and obviously Christy Marvin has been doing this race forever and has been well forever. It’s cool to see with that longevity and that’s what I aspire to.”


People line Fourth Avenue in downtown Seward and cheer on racers as they approach the finish line of the Mount Marathon race on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Emily Mesner/)
Sarah Haubert, from Ouray, CO, smiles as she crosses the finish line of the Mount Marathon race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Emily Mesner/)
Women run up Jefferson Street in Seward shortly after crossing the starting line in the women’s Mount Marathon race on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Emily Mesner/)
Palmer’s Meg Inokuma, center, talks with racers as they catch their breath at the finish line after completing the Mount Marathon race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Emily Mesner/)

Migrant survivor of Texas trailer: ‘They couldn’t breathe’

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 16:37

Mynor Cardona shows a photo on his cellphone of her daughter, Yenifer Yulisa Cardona Tomás, at the hospital while receiving a visit, in Guatemala City, Monday, July 4, 2022. (AP Photo/Oliver de Ros) (Oliver de Ros/)

GUATEMALA CITY — The advice of a friend to stay near the door of a semi-trailer may have saved Yenifer Yulisa Cardona Tomás from the deadly end that 53 other migrants met when the truck was abandoned last week on the outskirts of San Antonio.

Cardona Tomás, a 20-year-old from Guatemala’s capital, said in a phone interview Monday from her hospital bed that it was already hot on June 27 when she stepped out of the warehouse on the Texas side of the Mexico border where she had been waiting and climbed into the back of the trailer.

The smugglers confiscated their cellphones and covered the trailer’s floor with what she believes was powdered chicken bouillon, apparently to throw off any dogs they might encounter at checkpoints. Sitting stuffed inside the stifling trailer with dozens of others, the powder stung her skin.

Remembering her friend’s advice about staying near the door where it would be cooler, Cardona Tomás shared it with another friend she had made during the journey.

“I told a friend that we shouldn’t go to the back and should stay near (the entrance), in the same place without moving,” said Cardona Tomás, who is being treated at Methodist Hospital Metropolitan in San Antonio. That friend survived, too.

As the truck moved on, making additional stops to pick up more migrants, people began to cluster near the door like Cardona Tomás. She had no way to track the time.

“The people were yelling, some cried. Mostly women were calling for it to stop and to open the doors because it was hot, that they couldn’t breathe,” she said, still laboring a bit to speak after being intubated at the hospital.

She said the driver or someone else in the cab yelled back that “we were about to arrive, that there were 20 minutes left, six minutes.”

“People asked for water, some had run out, others carried some,” she said.

The truck would continue stopping occasionally, but just before she lost consciousness it was moving slowly. She woke up in the hospital.

The driver and three others were arrested and charged by U.S. prosecutors.

Guatemala’s Foreign Ministry has said that 20 Guatemalans died in the incident, 16 of whom have been positively identified. Foreign Minister Mario Búcaro said he hoped the first bodies would be repatriated this week.

Cardona Tomás said the truck’s destination that day was Houston, though she was ultimately headed to North Carolina.

“She didn’t have a job and asked me if I would support her” in migrating to the U.S., her father, Mynor Cordón, said Monday in Guatemala City, where the family lives. He said he knew of other cases of children who just left without telling their families and ended up disappearing or dying so he decided to back her.

He paid $4,000 for a smuggler — less than half the total cost — to take her to the U.S. She left Guatemala on May 30, traveling in cars, buses and finally the semi-trailer in Texas.

“I didn’t know that she would travel in a trailer,” he said. “She told us it would be by foot. It seems like at the last moment the smugglers decided to put (her) in the trailer, along with two more friends, who survived. One of them is still in critical condition.”

Cordón had stayed in touch with his daughter up until the morning of June 27. Her last message to him that Monday was at 10:28 a.m. in Guatemala, or 11:28 a.m. in Texas. “We’re going to go in an hour,” she wrote.

It was not until late that night that Cardona Tomás’ family learned of the abandoned trailer. It was two more days before relatives in the United States confirmed that she was alive and hospitalized.

“We cried so much,” Cordón said. “I even was thinking where we were going to have the wake and bury her. She is a miracle.”

Prove to new employees that they made the right choice in joining your team

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 16:35

(iStock / Getty Images) (fizkes/)

It’s a crucial first step many managers fail to take. Swamped by other work, they greet their new hires, introduce them to the employees they’re replacing, and leave to attend to other pressing duties. On the surface, this makes sense. The departing employee can easily explain the work that needs to be done.

Beneath the surface, this approach carries with it significant risk. If you’re a manager, you want your new employee’s first experience with you to be “I’m looking forward to working with you. Let’s establish what your priorities are and how we can best work together” and not “Hello, see you later.”

Although your departing employee may be able to outline your new employee’s job duties, they may also communicate an impression different from how you want your new hire to see the job and you, particularly if he or she is leaving for a “better” job. Not only do you want your new employee to bond with you rather than with your departing employee, but your soon-to-be-former employee may even “poison the well.” First impressions count — make sure that you create your new hire’s first impression of you.

The several hours you carve out of your schedule to connect with your new hire will pay off in reduced recruitment costs. One of the most expensive kinds of turnover any organization faces is “first year churn” — when new hires on whom you’ve spent time and effort recruiting and training leave before you receive a return on your investment.

Here is how and why this happens. The employee you just hired may receive another enticing job offer after they join your organization. Worse, an unhappy employee on your team may pull your new hire aside and voice concerns. When this happens, most new hires hesitate to let their manager know what they’ve heard, both to protect the informant and because they don’t want to admit that they listened. Either occurrence may lead to new hire remorse and create festering doubts. Your job is to prove to your new employee that they made the right choice in joining your team.

Remember, you want your employee to invest full effort for 40-plus hours a week. Compare this employment investment with the last time you invested a major chunk of money. Before you parted with your money, you asked questions such as “What will I receive from this investment?”; “What’s the upside potential?”; “What downside risks exist?”; and “What do I need to contribute to reap the maximum benefits?” During your employee’s first days and weeks, you need to provide answers to the above questions if you want to capture their full commitment.

Recent hires who feel uncertain about their manager, coworkers or job assignments begin to think about leaving. They also evaluate minor difficulties negatively instead of brushing them off. Counter this downward spiral. Build a strong relationship with your new hires and give them clear expectations so they align with what you need from them from the start. For example, do you want your new exempt employee to realize s/he may often need to give more than 40 hours weekly to the job? Do you prefer emails, texts or calls? On what topics do you want to be briefed? Do you want your new employee to schedule time weekly or to pop into your office whenever they hit a snag? You can also ask your new employee how they hope you’ll communicate with them.

In addition to talking, listen. Knowing exactly what drives and satisfies each new member of your team helps you build a high-performing team. You want them to be successful, so they stay and make you, your department and your company successful. With each new hire, take that crucial first step.

Abortion access in Alaska: What current regulations are, how many are performed and who the average patient is

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 16:10

People walk along W. Ninth Avenue near downtown Anchorage as they participate in a rally and march for abortion rights on Friday, June 24, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Emily Mesner/)

Following the landmark Supreme Court decision, abortion services are still legal and protected by the state’s constitution in Alaska under the state’s privacy clause and several Alaska Supreme Court rulings. But that could change if the constitution changes, either via an amendment or a constitutional convention — which are each being actively pursued by abortion opponents in the state.

Nationally, the impacts of Roe v. Wade being overturned have been profound: About half of states are expected to enact bans or other limits on the procedure to take effect. As of Friday, abortion is now illegal in seven states, with many more bans expected to go into effect soon.

And though abortion remains safe and legal in Alaska, financial and other limitations on access exist in the state for accessing the service.

Here’s a rundown on what abortion access looks like in Alaska.

What are the state’s current regulations around abortion?

In Alaska, it is a requirement that you physically visit an abortion provider’s clinic to receive any kind of abortion service, including a medical (pill) abortion. That poses a major challenge for Alaskans in rural parts of the state who must travel long distances to access care.

Beyond that, there are few legal restrictions in Alaska, said Susan Orlansky, a longtime Anchorage litigator and currently a cooperating counsel with the American Civil Liberties Union of Alaska.

While some states have laws and statutes that dictate how far along in a pregnancy an abortion can be legally accessed, Alaska has no gestational limits on abortion, Orlansky said.

In the absence of state law, restrictions on abortion are decided by individual providers.

There are currently no providers in Alaska who will perform an abortion after the second trimester; patients travel to Seattle to access care later in their pregnancies, Rose O’Hara-Jolley, Alaska State Director with Planned Parenthood Alliance Advocates of Alaska, said in an email.

What kinds of abortions are available in Alaska?

Two types of abortions exist: by pill or by a more involved procedure in a medical clinic. Abortions by pill can be performed during the first 11 weeks of pregnancy, according to Planned Parenthood.

Pill abortions, which accounted for about a third of all abortions performed in Alaska last year, work by taking two prescription medicines days apart to quickly terminate an early pregnancy.

The abortion pill is different from the emergency contraceptive Plan B, which can prevent pregnancy from occurring at all and needs to be taken within 72 hours of unprotected sex.

While some states allow the drugs for pill abortions to be prescribed via a telehealth appointment and sent in the mail, in Alaska, abortion pills must be taken in-person at a clinic.

Procedural abortions — sometimes called surgical abortions, though they don’t actually involve surgery — can be done during the first or second trimester.

How many abortions are performed in the state?

There were 1,226 abortions in Alaska in 2021, according to a state report from the Alaska Division of Public Health. That’s the most recent year with publicly available data, and is similar to other recent years.

The vast majority of those procedures — nearly 94% — were performed during the first trimester.

Who’s the typical abortion patient in Alaska?

Last year, the average Alaskan abortion patient was unmarried, was seeking the procedure for the first time (66.2%), was white (53.1%) and was in her 20s or 30s (86.4%), according to state data.

About 52.7% of those who had an abortion in Alaska last year already had one or more children, and 43.8% qualified for Medicaid while 39.5% paid for the procedure on their own. Approximately 9.7% were 19 years old or younger.

Two-thirds of abortion patients — about 67.9% — had a high school education while 25.1% had at least some postsecondary education.

Where can Alaskans go to access abortion services?

Planned Parenthood is the main abortion provider in Alaska, with clinics in Juneau, Fairbanks and Anchorage. O’Hara-Jolley said they believe there are a few independent providers who offer abortions but do not advertise publicly.

Can Alaskans under 18 access an abortion without parental consent?

Yes. In Alaska, parents don’t need to consent to abortions or be notified that their child or teen is accessing that care. The Alaska Supreme Court has held that the state constitution’s privacy clause applies to pregnant minors as well as to adults, Orlansky said.

Recent parental consent and parental notification laws passed in Alaska, but they were both struck down by the Alaska Supreme Court, according to Orlansky.

How much does it cost to get an abortion?

Abortion costs vary by how far along the pregnancy is, O’Hara-Jolley said. The maximum cost someone could spend to get an abortion in Alaska is $1,100.

Insurance companies are not required to include abortion as a covered service, and many require a deductible to have been met first.

Abortions are nearly always covered for Alaskans with Medicaid following a state Supreme Court ruling.

“Patients using Medicaid coverage for insurance can come to Planned Parenthood to access abortion care because abortion is essential health care,” O’Hara-Jolley said.

The organization also encourages patients to talk to a provider about what resources are available to help them access an abortion, O’Hara-Jolley added. The Northwest Abortion Access Fund is another resource that patients may be eligible for.

Two possible threats to abortion access in Alaska are a constitutional convention and a constitutional amendment. How likely are they?

Alaskans’ constitutional right to an abortion is grounded in a 1997 ruling by the Alaska Supreme Court that stated “reproductive rights are fundamental, and that they are encompassed within the right to privacy expressed in article I, section 22 of the Alaska Constitution.”

In November, Alaskans will vote on whether to call a constitutional convention, which could pave the way for a yearslong process to alter the state constitution in a way that allows for a statewide abortion ban. Abortion opponents view a constitutional convention as the likeliest path toward an eventual ban.

Separately, after the U.S. Supreme Court overturned Roe v. Wade, Alaska Gov. Mike Dunleavy said that he planned to introduce a resolution in the next legislative session for a proposed constitutional amendment “to answer the question whether abortion shall, or not be a constitutionally protected right.”

Passing a constitutional amendment would require approval from two-thirds of the state House, two-thirds of the state Senate and a majority of participating voters in the next general election — something that political observers say is unlikely to happen.

Orlanski said that a constitutional amendment could move faster than a convention.

”We’ll be watching out for that,” said Mara Kimmel, executive director of ACLU Alaska.

“Our law is, it’s rooted in the right to privacy, which is explicit in the constitution, but abortion is not explicitly named in the constitution,” Kimmel said. “So if the constitution changes, our rights change.”

Court rulings loom over July Fourth celebrations in Washington region

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 16:06

An abortion rights activist who wished to go by the name "Liberty from New York" demonstrates outside of the Supreme Court on Independence Day. (Photo for The Washington Post by Craig Hudson)

WASHINGTON - Washington D.C. celebrated Independence Day Monday with some hallmarks of the nation’s capital: parades, festivals and protests.

This year, the Fourth of July signifies for many a return to normalcy as virtual events have given way to in-person experiences. It also falls in the shadow of monumental Supreme Court rulings on abortion, guns and the environment that have Americans concerned about the country’s future.

Protesters, dressed in red, white and blue, massed in front of the Supreme Court Monday to denounce the overturning of Roe v. Wade, while other pro-choice demonstrators descended on the National Mall. Around 100 green-clad abortion rights protesters marched down Constitution Avenue, spreading out to span the width of the street.

“They’re counting on us to get tired, they’re counting on us to get complacent,” said Ashli Timmons, 21, of Rise Up 4 Abortion Rights. “Hopefully, everyone will see this and be inspired.”

Some demonstrators took to the highways to air their grievances. About 20 people sat in the road and blocked all lanes of Interstate 495′s inner loop at the U.S. 29/Colesville Road exit Monday afternoon. Maryland State Police said the demonstrators were protesting climate change and were disbanded within hours.

In a separate protest, a group of truckers calling itself the 1776 Restoration Movement, formerly known as the People’s Convoy, blocked traffic on I-95 to denounce vaccine mandates. D.C. police warned of heavy traffic along inbound 395 from Virginia into the District because of the convoy.

Ahead of the Fourth, D.C. police told travelers to prepare for road closures as more events returned to the city. Transit authorities also warned that reduced service on the Metro would likely result in long lines and hour-long waits in stations near the Mall after the fireworks.

People ventured out into the city as events, including the Smithsonian Folklife Festival and A Capitol Fourth concert, reopened to the public after more than two years of coronavirus restrictions.

The National Independence Day Parade returned with marching bands from around the country, military units, floats and balloons.

Neha Sri drove down early from Delaware with her son Naman, 11, so they’d have time to get a good spot in front of the National Archives - and set up folding chairs and a rainbow umbrella to beat the heat.

“It’s our first time we’ve come here,” Neha said. “We’ve heard a lot about this parade so we wanted to see.”

They’re staying for the fireworks, but Naman is most excited about the events in the National Archive. He pointed excitedly to the day’s schedule, listed on a bright red souvenir fan - a scavenger hunt, and a chance to sign a copy of the Declaration of Independence.


Anti-abortion activist Elianna Geertgens, right, argues with abortion rights activist Sam Scarcello outside of the Supreme Court on Independence Day. MUST CREDIT: Photo for The Washington Post by Craig Hudson.

Trinisa Fung, 21, and Alessandra Del Rosario, 21, sat along a stone wall by the entrance to the Smithsonian, waving American flags. The two college students met this summer at an internship and spent their day off at their first Fourth of July parade in D.C. Fung had been to fireworks shows back home in Houston, but nothing as big as this.

“This is different,” Fung said as floats, cultural performances and marching bands streamed by on constitution Avenue. “The diversity here is really amazing.”

Del Rosario, from Las Vegas, agreed but said that “the humidity is still something I’m getting used to!” They’ve got a lot on their bucket list for the summer - the Capitol, the Library of Congress, “the most touristy spots” - and they plan to watch the fireworks from the Iwo Jima Memorial with more friends.

“It feels like the city’s coming back to life,” Fung said.

Kelly Silva, 38, sat in the grove of trees overlooking the Washington Monument in the late afternoon, watching over a picnic blanket and a box of chicken wings. Silva, who lives in DC and normally brings her family to watch the July 4 fireworks every year, said she’s “happy because everything’s coming back to normal.”

“It looked like everyone was scared two years ago, but now everybody’s back,” Silva said.

Silva added she felt safe despite just hearing the news of the shooting in Illinois. A gunman opened fire on Fourth of July paradegoers in a Chicago suburb Monday, killing at least six people and sending another two dozen to the hospital.

“Hopefully it won’t happen [here] this year,” she said. “I see a lot of officers around.”

Silva’s two children were playing in the nearby National Museum of African American History, but she’ll save their picnic spot under the trees until her family gathers in the evening. It’s right in front of the monument and the night’s fireworks display.

“We can laugh and celebrate like before,” Silva said.

Takoma Park, which has held Fourth of July festivities for 133 years, welcomed residents back for its first in-person parade since 2019.

“It’s a wonderful feeling being back,” said Tara Marie Egan, a 37-year-old Takoma Park native. “People have missed it and we have a lot of new groups joining.”

Egan herself once marched in the parade as a Girl Scout and is now the vice president of the Takoma Park Independence Day Committee. She has been planning for this since January. The 1.3-mile parade, dubbed Takoma Park Together Again this year, includes marching bands, drill teams, floats, art cars, costumed characters and veterans groups.

In a city known for its political activism, the recent Supreme Court rulings were top of mind for some at the Takoma Park parade.

“It’s great to celebrate our independence today, but it’s a bittersweet feeling with women’s rights being eroded,” said Laurie-Ann Sayles, who is running for the Gaithersburg County Council at-large seat. “I’m concerned about the direction of our country and I want to make sure we safeguard a woman’s right to choose.”

In a nod to the nation’s ideal as a beacon of hope, George Washington’s Mount Vernon hosted its annual naturalization ceremony Monday. A crowd of 50 immigrants - from Cameroon to Ukraine - cheered and waved American flags as they became citizens. When they rose to sing the national anthem this time it resonated with them differently.

With her right hand over her heart, Keisha Alfred, 41, sang the anthem for the first time. “I’m no longer an immigrant or as they say a visitor,” said Alfred, who is originally from Trinidad and Tobago.

After 20 years of living as a student and a green cardholder, Alfred said she can finally leave the immigration paperwork behind every time a company tries to hire her. Becoming a citizen in this political time feels bittersweet, especially now that abortion rights are threatened, she said.

“I’m very proud to become an American citizen, but I feel an added responsibility to make sure that we are represented.”

With her citizenship certificate in her hand, Alfred and another dozen new citizens registered to vote on the spot. “I have to make sure that my voice is heard,” said Alfred.

- - -

The Washington Post’s Terence McArdle contributed to this report.

Photos: Anchorage gathers downtown for July Fourth parade

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 15:35

A group from Alaska Fitness dances as they march. Anchorage's Fourth of July Parade drew crowds to 9th and 10th Avenues along the Delaney Park Strip on July 4, 2022. (Marc Lester / ADN) (Marc Lester/)

Anchorage loves a parade. Crowds lined 9th and 10th Avenues in downtown Anchorage to watch the annual Fourth of July Parade Monday. The event featured cultural groups, dancers, pageant royalty, antique car enthusiasts and even an invisible dog club. Afterward, Anchorage Fourth of July Festival continued on the Delaney Park Strip.


A crowd lines 9th Avenue to get a glimpse of the passing parade. (Marc Lester / ADN) (Marc Lester/)
A member of the Filipinos of Anchorage carries a flag. (Marc Lester / ADN) (Marc Lester/)
Miss Alaska Jessica Reisinger waves. (Marc Lester / ADN) (Marc Lester/)
Members of Pound For Pound (or LB4LB) Motorcylcle Club ride on 9th Avenue. (Marc Lester / ADN) (Marc Lester/)
Young audience members watch the parade groups pass. (Marc Lester / ADN) (Marc Lester/)
Mr. Whitekeys waves to the crowd. (Marc Lester / ADN) (Marc Lester/)
Miss Samoa Alaska Titilupe Matautia leads her group in the parade.(Marc Lester / ADN) (Marc Lester/)
Members of the Fur Rondy Royalty float greet the audience. (Marc Lester / ADN) (Marc Lester/)
Albert Whitehead walks with Star the Reindeer on 9th Avenue. (Marc Lester / ADN) (Marc Lester/)
The Invisible Dog Club obeys leash laws. (Marc Lester / ADN) (Marc Lester/)
Members of the Filipino Community of Anchorage march in the parade.(Marc Lester / ADN) (Marc Lester/)
A Marine salutes the flag on a float. (Marc Lester / ADN) (Marc Lester/)
Miss Utopia Alaska Draya Ula poses for a portrait. (Marc Lester / ADN) (Marc Lester/)
The Antique Auto Mushers of Alaska head west during the parade. (Marc Lester / ADN) (Marc Lester/)

‘Hell on earth’: Ukrainian soldiers describe eastern front

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 15:27

Ukrainian platoon commander Mariia talks to her soldiers in their position in the Donetsk region, Ukraine, Saturday, July 2, 2022. Ukrainian soldiers returning from the frontlines in eastern Ukraine’s Donbas region describe life during what has turned into a grueling war of attrition as apocalyptic. Mariia, 41, said that front-line conditions may vary depending on where a unit is positioned and how well supplied they are. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky) (Efrem Lukatsky/)

BAKHMUT, Ukraine — Torched forests and cities burned to the ground. Colleagues with severed limbs. Bombardments so relentless the only option is to lie in a trench, wait and pray.

Ukrainian soldiers returning from the front lines in eastern Ukraine’s Donbas region — where Russia is waging a fierce offensive — describe life during what has turned into a grueling war of attrition as apocalyptic.

In interviews with The Associated Press, some complained of chaotic organization, desertions and mental health problems caused by relentless shelling. Others spoke of high morale, their colleagues’ heroism, and a commitment to keep fighting, even as the better-equipped Russians control more of the combat zone.

Lt. Volodymyr Nazarenko, 30, second-in-command of the Ukrainian National Guard’s Svoboda Battalion, was with troops who retreated from Sievierodonetsk under orders from military leaders. During a month-long battle, Russian tanks obliterated any potential defensive positions and turned a city with a prewar population of 101,000 into “a burnt-down desert,” he said.

“They shelled us every day. I do not want to lie about it. But these were barrages of ammunition at every building,” Nazarenko said. “The city was methodically leveled out.”

At the time, Sievierodonetsk was one of two major cities under Ukrainian control in Luhansk province, where pro-Russia separatists declared an unrecognized republic eight years ago. By the time the order to withdraw came on June 24, the Ukrainians were surrounded on three sides and mounting a defense from a chemical plant also sheltering civilians.

“If there was a hell on Earth somewhere, it was in Sievierodonetsk,” Artem Ruban, a soldier in Nazarenko’s battalion, said from the comparative safety of Bakhmut, 64 kilometers (40 miles) to the southwest of the since-captured city. “The inner strength of our boys allowed them to hold the city until the last moment.”

“Those were not human conditions they had to fight in. It is difficult to explain this to you here, what they feel like now or what it was like there,” Ruban said, blinking in the sunlight. “They were fighting until the end there. The task was to destroy the enemy, no matter what.”

Nazarenko, who also fought in Kyiv and elsewhere in the east after Russia invaded Ukraine, considers the Ukrainian operation in Sievierodonetsk “a victory” despite the outcome. He said the defenders managed to limit casualties while stalling the Russian advance for much longer than expected, depleting Russia’s resources.

“Their army incurred huge losses, and their attack potential was obliterated,” he said.


In this photo provided by the Luhansk region military administration, damaged residential buildings are seen in Lysychansk, Luhansk region, Ukraine, early Sunday, July 3, 2022. Russian forces pounded the city of Lysychansk and its surroundings in an all-out attempt to seize the last stronghold of resistance in eastern Ukraine's Luhansk province, the governor said Saturday. A presidential adviser said its fate would be decided within the next two days. (Luhansk region military administration via AP)
In this photo provided by the Luhansk region military administration, burned car and damaged residential buildings are seen in Lysychansk, Luhansk region, Ukraine, early Sunday, July 3, 2022. Russian forces pounded the city of Lysychansk and its surroundings in an all-out attempt to seize the last stronghold of resistance in eastern Ukraine's Luhansk province, the governor said Saturday. A presidential adviser said its fate would be decided within the next two days. (Luhansk region military administration via AP)

Both the lieutenant and the soldier under his command expressed confidence that Ukraine would take back all occupied territories and defeat Russia. They insisted morale remained high. Other soldiers, most with no combat experience before the invasion, shared more pessimistic accounts while insisting on anonymity or using only their first names to discuss their experiences.

Oleksiy, a member of the Ukrainian army who started fighting against the Moscow-backed separatists in 2016, had just returned from the front with a heavy limp. He said he was wounded on the battlefield in Zolote, a town the Russians also have since occupied.

“On the TV, they are showing beautiful pictures of the front lines, the solidarity, the army, but the reality is very different” he said, adding he does not think the delivery of more Western weapons would change the course of the war.

His battalion started running out of ammunition within a few weeks, Oleksiy said. At one point, the relentless shelling kept the soldiers from standing up in the trenches, he said, exhaustion visible on his lined face.

A senior presidential aide reported last month that 100 to 200 Ukrainian troops were dying every day, but the country has not provided the total number killed in action. Oleksiy claimed his unit lost 150 men during its first three days of fighting, many from a loss of blood.

Due to the relentless bombardments, wounded soldiers were only evacuated at night, and sometimes they had to wait up to two days, he said.

“The commanders don’t care if you are psychologically broken. If you have a working heart, if you have arms and legs, you have to go back in,” he added.

Mariia, a 41-year-old platoon commander who joined the Ukrainian army in 2018 after working as a lawyer and giving birth to a daughter, explained that the level of danger and discomfort can vary greatly depending on a unit’s location and access to supply lines.

Front lines that have existed since the conflict with pro-Russia separatists began in 2014 are more static and predictable, whereas places that became battlegrounds since Russia sent its troops in to invade are “a different world,” she said.

Mariia, who refused to share her surname for security reasons, said her husband is currently fighting in such a “hot spot.” Everyone misses and worries about their loved ones, and though this causes distress, her subordinates have kept their spirits high, she said.

“We are the descendants of Cossacks, we are free and brave. It is in our blood,” she said. “We are going to fight to the end.”

Two other soldiers the AP interviewed — former office-workers in Kyiv with no prior battle experience — said they were sent to the front lines in the east as soon as they completed their initial training. They said they observed “terrible organization” and “illogical decision-making,” and many people in their battalion refused to fight.

One of the soldiers said he smokes marijuana daily. “Otherwise, I would lose my mind, I would desert. It’s the only way I can cope” he said.

A 28-year-old former teacher in Sloviansk who “never imagined” he would fight for his country described Ukraine’s battlefields as a completely different life, with a different value system and emotional highs as well as lows.

“There is joy, there is sorrow. Everything is intertwined,” he said.

Friendship with his colleagues provide the bright spots. But he also saw fellow soldiers succumbing to extreme fatigue, both physical and mental, and displaying symptoms of PTSD.

“It’s hard to live under constant stress, sleep-deprived and malnourished. To see all those horrors with your own eyes — the dead, the torn-off limbs. It is unlikely that someone’s psyche can withstand that,” he said.

Yet he, too, insisted that the motivation to defend their country remains.

“We are ready to endure and fight with clenched teeth. No matter how hard and difficult it is,” the teacher said, speaking from a fishing store that was converted into a military distribution hub. “Who will defend my home and my family, if it is not me?”

The center in the city of Sloviansk provides local military units with equipment and provisions, and gives soldiers a place to go during brief respites from the physical grind and horrors of battle.

Tetiana Khimion, a 43-year-old dance choreographer, set up the center when the war started. All kinds of soldiers pass through, she says, from skilled special forces and war-hardened veterans to civilians-turned-fighters who signed up only recently.

“It can be like this: For the first time he comes, smiles widely, he can even be shy. The next time he comes, and there is emptiness in his eyes,” Khimion said. “He has been through something, and he is different.”

Behind her, a group of young Ukrainian soldiers on rotation from the front lines sit sharing jokes and a pizza. The thud of artillery can be heard a few miles away.

“Mostly they hope for the better. Yes, sometimes they come in a little sad, but we hope to raise their spirits here, too,” Khimion said. “We hug, we smile at each other and then they go back into the fields.”

On Sunday, Russian forces occupied the last Ukrainian stronghold in Luhansk province and stepped up rocket strikes on Donetsk, the Donbas province where the center is located.

Alaska Highway reopens near BC-Yukon border after road washout

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 15:08

Part of the Alaska Highway in northern British Columbia closed to traffic Friday, July 1, 2022, after it collapsed due to flooding. (Photo courtesy Yukon Highways and Public Works on Twitter)

A section of the Alaska Highway in British Columbia near the Yukon Territory border has reopened to one lane of traffic after the road was washed out by flooding on Friday, Canadian authorities said.

A portion of the road north of Liard Hot Springs in British Columbia had collapsed and washed away, leaving a crevasse on the main route from Alaska to the Lower 48. Photos of the damage were shared by the Yukon Highways and Public Works department on Friday. According to a previous B.C. road and traffic update, the damage was caused by water pooling between Fireside Maintenance Camp and Allen’s Lookout.

According to a Monday afternoon update, the road reopened to a one-lane detour, with alternating traffic.

The Yukon Highways and Public Works department wrote on social media that a detour had been created for southbound traffic leaving Watson Lake in the Yukon Territory, and for northbound traffic leaving Fort Nelson in British Columbia.

The Alaska Highway is again open at Contact Creek as a one-lane detour has been created.

The detour is at km 900 for southbound traffic leaving Watson Lake and km 897 for northbound traffic leaving Fort Nelson.

Please watch for signs and follow the pilot car on site.@DriveBC pic.twitter.com/clHfFX7nNm

— Yukon Highways and Public Works (@YukonHPW) July 4, 2022

Before the road was reopened, the agency had said the Stewart-Cassiar Highway was an alternative route to the 1,387-mile Alaska Highway — also known as the Alcan.

A Monday afternoon update from DriveBC asked motorists to follow a pilot car through the detour and to obey traffic signs in the area.



Max King wins Mount Marathon men’s race, at 42 is crowned as the oldest winner

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 14:47

The first wave of racers cross the starting line during the men’s Mount Marathon race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Doug Lindstrand/)

SEWARD — Despite being a previous champion at Mount Marathon, Max King didn’t think he’d be viewed as a favorite entering Monday’s 94th running of the race.

The reason? At 42, he figured he’d be swallowed up by a field of talented, hungry young runners.

Instead he crossed the finish in 43 minutes, 37 seconds as the oldest winner in the race’s storied history.

“I knew this is a really good field and I don’t think anybody really counted on me being up there because of my age,” said King, who races out of Bend, Oregon. “At this point, It’s been three years since I’ve been here. Everybody kind of expected a 42-year-old might be slowing down.

“So I mean, I didn’t have that kind of pressure on me. I was just kind of going for that age group record first and then you know, if I found myself in the lead. I tried to be the oldest winner. That’s I think that’s kind of cool.”

King, the 2019 Mount Marathon champ, has run in all kinds of races, from ultra marathons to championship mountain courses. He said mixing it up has kept him competitive this late in his career.

“The love of the sport,” he said. “I love doing it. I love competing. A lot of people will start to lose that motivation. And I can keep that motivation just because I’m always doing something different. And so I find like it just keeps me motivated, to do new things and try new things and then you know, learn from those experiences.”


Taylor Turney, from Anchorage, passes a racer as he runs down the base of Mount Marathon during the men’s Mount Marathon race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Doug Lindstrand/)

David Norris, the 2021 champ and men’s record holder, was a late scratch with a heel injury. Norris and King battled in 2018, with both putting up blazing fast times.

Norris won that race but King’s 42:33 was the best time from anyone in the 30-39 age group and was the fourth fastest overall time in history.

With no Norris, King led the race at the turnaround and cruised to victory.

APU skier Thomas O’Harra finished second, 80 seconds off the pace set by King. It was the first Mount Marathon for O’Harra, who won the Bird Ridge Hill Climb last month.

“It’s funny, I came down last week and ran the full mountain for the first time since I was in high school, almost 10 years ago,” O’Harra said. “It’s scary, it’s steep and there’s cliffs and you’re looking at everything. But during the race, you get this tunnel vision and I was just looking at where to put my feet and going as fast as I could.”


Bodhi Gross, from Boulder, CO, winces as he runs down Mount Marathon during the men’s Mount Marathon race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Doug Lindstrand/)
Seward’s Charles DiMarzio sprays Kenny Regan, from Hollis, NH, after they crossed the finish line during the men’s Mount Marathon race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Doug Lindstrand/)

O’Harra said he was happy to carry the flag as the top Alaska finisher.

“I hadn’t even thought of that until somebody else mentioned it after the finish,” he said. “It’d be good to see an Alaskan on the podium, it’s kind of an Alaskan race but it’s great to have competitors from the Outside as well.”

King, who has raced all over the world, said Mount Marathon is one of the most cherished stops.

“This whole thing,” he said, with a sweeping hand motion. “The community, the history behind the race, all of the people who have run it over the years that have such a connection to this race and make it really, really special. And the crowds. I mean, this is phenomenal. You just don’t get this at any other race in the U.S.”

He said at this point he doesn’t plan to defend his title next year, but does plan to return.

“Hopefully I’ll give away my spot next year let somebody else run and have my son come up and run it,” King said. “I talked to him about it the other day and he’s like, ‘I can run that.’ So hopefully we’ll get him up here.”

Marvin sets junior record en route to boys title


Coby Marvin, 15, runs down the bottom of Mount Marathon during the junior race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. Marvin finished in first place for the boys. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Doug Lindstrand/)

Coby Marvin already had an age-group record at Mount Marathon juniors race.

What he didn’t have was a championship. That all changed Monday and the 15-year-old doubled his record count and won the boys division, shattering the previous age group mark with a time of 25:27.

Marvin said the conditions in Seward were perfect for a fast time, but he still didn’t anticipate coming close to the record.

“I didn’t think I could run that fast,” he said. “I was just hoping to break 27 (minutes). I didn’t until I hit the juniors pole that I had even a chance. And I was l looking at my watch running down the road and I was like, maybe.”

Marvin set the 12-14 year old age division in 2021, but the overall junior race was won by Talkeetna’s Ali Papillon.

But Marvin, who attends Colony High in Palmer, burned past Papillon and the rest of the field Monday en route to a race win and a record in the 15-17 year old age group.


Lexi Johnson hugs Rylee Ruggles at the finish line after Ruggles completed the Junior Mount Marathon Race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. “I’m so proud of you,” Johnson told Ruggles as they cried. Ruggles is Johnson’s daughter’s best friend and they are like family. “She is just living in the moment,” Johnson said. “She’s tiny but fierce.” (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Doug Lindstrand/)
People hang up a sign on a trailer along the Mount Marathon race route in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Doug Lindstrand/)

Marvin shattered the previous mark set by Miles Knotek in 2011 by 51 seconds. The overall junior mark was set in 1973 by Bill Spencer at 24:30. The junior race started in 1964 but the junior age divisions were formed in 1994.

Papillon ran a strong race for a second-place finish, finishing in 25:43, a mark that also broke the previous age group record.

Marvin joined his mom Christy Marvin as a Mount Marathon champion. She’s won the race twice.

Coby Marvin said the record might be in jeopardy — and from a runner within the family. His brother Isaac is only 10, but is already an accomplished runner.

“I just want to see how long it stays,” he said. “My little brother is coming.”

Anchorage’s Conway wins girls race


Rose Conway maintains a lead as she runs towards the finish line during the Junior Mount Marathon Race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. Conway finished in first place. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Doug Lindstrand/)

Within a few minutes of winning the girls race, Rose Conway said she felt great.

But late in the race the 14-year-old from Anchorage wasn’t quite as optimistic.

She battled back and forth with Tania Boonstra before taking the victory in a time of 33:18.

“I was super happy to be done, mostly,” she said. “I was really happy to have won too, but mostly to be done. I didn’t have anything left.”

Conway had a lead a the racers came off the mountain but vomited in the final stretch, allowing Boonstra to briefly take the lead.

“I didn’t think I was going to pass her because I really had to slow down,” Conway said.

But Conway got back and had a big kick as the final route had more downhill grade.

“I just let the downhill carry me,” she said. “I think I was just taller than her so my strides were bigger.”

“I was super happy to be done, mostly,” she said. “I was really happy to have won too, but mostly to be done. I didn’t have anything left.”

Conway, who took third in the 2021 race, will be a freshman at Bettye Davis East High next year.


People gather at the base of Mount Marathon and wait for runners to return during the men’s Mount Marathon race in Seward on Monday, July 4, 2022. (Emily Mesner / ADN) (Doug Lindstrand/)


Flight cancellations ease slightly as July 4 weekend ends

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 14:17

Passengers make their way through a security line Thursday, June 30, 2022, at the Pittsburgh International Airport in Moon Township, Pa. The airport saw an influx of travelers departing Pittsburgh before the Fourth of July holiday weekend. (Morgan Timms/Pittsburgh Post-Gazette via AP) (Morgan Timms/)

DALLAS — Travelers flying home from July Fourth getaways faced flight delays Monday, but airlines were canceling fewer flights than in the days leading up to the holiday weekend.

Since holiday weekend travel picked up on Thursday, airlines have canceled more than 2,200 U.S. flights, and another 25,000 were delayed.

Airports were packed.

More than 9 million flyers flocked to U.S. airports between Thursday and Sunday, peaking at 2.49 million, a pandemic-era record, on Friday, according to figures from the Transportation Security Administration.

By late Monday afternoon on the East Coast, more than 2,200 U.S. flights had been delayed and more than 200 canceled, according to FlightAware.

The good news: Those numbers were down sharply from recent days.

Flying during the peak vacation season has always been challenging. Big crowds and summer thunderstorms can quickly overwhelm an airline’s operations. That has been compounded this summer by shortages of pilots and other workers.

“It’s not just in North America, it’s everywhere,” said John Grant, an analyst for OAG, a travel-date provider based in the United Kingdom. “It’s a combination of available resources and demand picking up much more quickly than anyone anticipated.”

Grant said labor shortages in Europe and North America have affected airlines, their suppliers including caterers and aircraft fuelers, airports and air traffic controllers. He sees no reason to think the situation will improve anytime this summer.

In the U.S., the rate of cancellations over the last two weeks is up 59% from the same period in 2019, before the pandemic, likely due to a combination of weather, staffing shortages and air-traffic issues.

However, the rate of delayed flights is only slightly worse than it was in the last summer before the pandemic — 19.7% then, 21.5% now, according to FlightAware numbers.

While some of the disruption was due to bad weather, especially along the East Coast for part of the weekend, airlines also made unforced errors.

American Airlines accidentally dropped pilot assignments for thousands of flights in July because of a glitch in its scheduling program. A spokesman for the airline said Monday that the problem had been fixed and crew assignments had been restored for “the vast majority” of flights. He said the issue had no effect on July Fourth travel.

Ed Sicher, the new president of the union representing American’s pilots, said the airline had disregarded their contract by unilaterally reassigning pilots to about 80% of the affected flights.

Sicher said the union and airline are negotiating extra pay for pilots who had trips dropped, then restored during “this debacle.”

OPINION: Alaska needs to move on from its gas line dream — to hydrogen

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 13:54

A gas flare burns near Prudhoe Bay's Lisburne Production Center on Friday, May 22, 2015. (Loren Holmes / Alaska Dispatch News) (Alaska Dispatch News/)

If we build it, will they come?

Since the April Sustainable Energy Conference, these opinion pages offered a series of gently competing views of our North Slope stranded natural gas development projects. These projects have continued with bravado for 40 years, expended more than $1 billion to advance various quasi-state-led dreams, and confidently defied the market and producer’s own lack of interest to finance the projects. Its time to let go of the debate over who’s Letters of Intent were the most hopeful and refocus our efforts on the emerging Pacific clean-energy markets for blue and eventually green hydrogen exported from Alaska in the form of ammonia while developing our carbon capture and sequestration resources.

In the conference, speakers hinted at a startling transition when both current major LNG project leaders mentioned the option of exporting clean hydrogen fuel, in the form of our natural gas converted to liquid “blue” ammonia.

For those not familiar with ammonia, chemically NH3, it’s better known for its nitrogen content and fertilizer use; however, it happens to also be a safe way to transport hydrogen and can be burned as a fuel or converted in to the more familiar H2 gas for fuel cells and power generation. “Blue ammonia” is made from carbon-based energy such as natural gas in a way that captures and sequesters the carbon, such as in the ground, making it a “clean” source of energy. “Green ammonia” is made from carbonless energy sources and considered the preferred long-term “clean” energy, but is not as readily available.

Markets already exist for clean ammonia, such as Japan’s use in blending with coal to reduce the carbon footprint of their power production. In the future, ammonia is expected to be a primary fuel for global marine applications and feedstock for local hydrogen gas supplies. It is important for Alaskans to see that our opportunity is found in the combination of our world-class gas supply and our sequestration capacity.

Together these resources are needed for the emerging markets, and in the future Alaska can also uniquely transition to using our vast wind, tidal, solar and hydro energy resources to make additional green hydrogen and ammonia for continued export as the blue-energy sources are phased out — ending forever the concept of “stranded Alaska energy.”

We should all pay attention to the startling message of the conference keynote speaker, Tony Seba. When asked by the governor about what role Alaskan natural gas will have in the future to meet Asian energy needs, he paused and said, “None.”

Seba went on to explain that in the next 10-15 years, our natural gas will have some remaining legacy uses, but that beyond that time, the world will have moved on to new technologies that are already cheaper to build and operate than just the cost of operating a gas power plant. If you don’t believe Seba, it’s hard to argue with 40 years of trying and spending our scarce public funds.

The hard reality is that even with the war in Ukraine, we cannot supply natural gas to Asian markets in the time frame they need it, 2025-2030, in the gap years before other global projects come online that will be cheaper than our gas. What we can do is see that the demand for clean energy is growing in the north pacific region and transition to meet the emerging market needs, including trade agreements that address the need for access to our carbon sequestration reservoirs for carbon capture.

There are at least four options for exporting “blue” hydrogen from Alaska and at least two globally significant carbon sequestration reservoirs in Alaska. Each of these need attention to keep up with other projects in the world that are already focused on the future energy needs of decarbonized economies.

Alaska has a promising future to continue as an important energy producer and exporter, but its time to wake up from the LNG gas line dreams of “build it and they will come,” and align our efforts with the emerging market demands for clean blue and green hydrogen energy rather than our past hopes for LNG exports.

Ky Holland is chief operating officer of Mighty Pipeline Inc., an Alaska clean hydrogen fuel startup company.

The views expressed here are the writer’s and are not necessarily endorsed by the Anchorage Daily News, which welcomes a broad range of viewpoints. To submit a piece for consideration, email commentary(at)adn.com. Send submissions shorter than 200 words to letters@adn.com or click here to submit via any web browser. Read our full guidelines for letters and commentaries here.

OPINION: Border carbon adjustment can help reduce carbon emissions

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 13:31

Downtown Anchorage, photographed on Wednesday, Aug. 4, 2021. (Loren Holmes / ADN) (Loren Holmes/)

Have you ever heard of border carbon adjustment? You might have, if you’re a regular reader of this page, because it’s become kind of a topic here. Perhaps you saw Brooke Cusack’s April 7 commentary in support of border carbon adjustment (BCA), or Jackson Blackwell’s Sept. 19, 2021, endorsement of the Baker-Shultz Carbon Dividends Plan, which includes a BCA. And I sincerely hope you read and remember my April 4, 2021, piece calling for a carbon fee and dividend plan with a BCA.

After reading all that love for border carbon adjustment, you may have been perplexed to see the June 19 commentary by Amy Seitz on behalf of the Alaska Farm Bureau, describing a carbon border adjustment tax (or “BAT,” in her turn of phrase) as “horrific.” Could we even all be talking about the same thing? Well, yes and no.

A border carbon adjustment (variously called BCA, BAT, or CBAM, carbon border adjustment mechanism) is a fee or tariff on certain goods traded between countries, such as fossil fuels themselves, but also energy-intensive commodities like steel, cement, fertilizer, paper, and aluminum. If the U.S. had a domestic price on carbon, as Mr. Blackwell and I called for, where the carbon fee increased the cost of a domestic product, the BCA charge would ensure that an imported product bears the same carbon cost. For example, if a U.S. carbon fee increased the cost of a ton of American-made steel by $25, a ton of steel imported from a country that has no carbon pricing would be charged $25 at the border to make up the difference. (It’s true, as Ms. Seitz pointed out, that making polluters pay will tend to raise consumer prices, but that can be alleviated through a carbon dividend; what would be horrific would be to continue doing nothing to address the climate crisis.)

However, there is another angle to the BCA concept. What if an American industry already has a lower carbon footprint than the same industry in a competing country, regardless of carbon pricing? Shouldn’t the cleaner U.S. industry be rewarded for prior investments that have already reduced their climate impact? For example, American-made steel has about half the carbon footprint as the global average. Could foreign-made steel be charged a BCA to make up that difference? Some lawmakers think so.

While the U.S. has no national carbon price, a BCA based solely on carbon footprint is under bipartisan discussion in Congress.

Why now? The European Union (EU) is poised to launch a BCA over the next three years that will take both carbon pricing and carbon footprints into account. Their BCA will begin with documentation and verification of carbon footprints starting in 2023, and the BCA fees will be imposed starting in 2025 or 2026. A similar move is under discussion by Canada as well. The EU is the largest foreign market available to American exporters, and Canada is our largest national trading partner. These countries account for $1.8 trillion in trade with the U.S. at last count, so we need to pay attention.

But there’s an important twist. The U.S. is a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and is therefore subject to certain rules over international trade practices. WTO members agree to refrain from trade policies that unfairly benefit their domestic businesses over those in other countries. A BCA could be subject to WTO challenge if it violates these rules. Since 34 out of 36 developed economies already have a carbon price in place, it would be particularly easy for the U.S. to lose a trade dispute sparked by implementing a BCA that violates WTO treaties. If we pair a BCA with a domestic carbon pricing plan, no such problem arises.

The bottom line is that while a U.S. BCA without carbon pricing is a step in the right direction, it will be far better for our economy and for the climate when we enact a national price on carbon pollution, with a BCA to take care of imports. But given how much American innovation has reduced the carbon footprints of our goods compared to many of our competitors, a stand-alone BCA has considerable merit. Please encourage Sens. Lisa Murkowski and Dan Sullivan to get familiar with this debate, because an American BCA could be a winning bet for our economy.

Tim Hinterberger is a 30-year Anchorage resident and a volunteer with the local chapter of Citizens’ Climate Lobby.

The views expressed here are the writer’s and are not necessarily endorsed by the Anchorage Daily News, which welcomes a broad range of viewpoints. To submit a piece for consideration, email commentary(at)adn.com. Send submissions shorter than 200 words to letters@adn.com or click here to submit via any web browser. Read our full guidelines for letters and commentaries here.

Letter: Support Sarah

Mon, 07/04/2022 - 12:37

Vote Sarah Palin! She has the interest of all Alaskans. There are no surprises with her. She has been attacked and handled it all with class.

She is real; there is nothing unexposed or fake about her. Vote for Sarah!

— Vickie Walber

Sterling

Have something on your mind? Send to letters@adn.com or click here to submit via any web browser. Letters under 200 words have the best chance of being published. Writers should disclose any personal or professional connections with the subjects of their letters. Letters are edited for accuracy, clarity and length.

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